[B-Greek] DOKIMOS GENOMENOS in JAMES 1:12
Carl W. Conrad
cwconrad at artsci.wustl.edu
Thu Jul 26 16:48:48 EDT 2007
On Jul 26, 2007, at 3:56 PM, Elizabeth Kline wrote:
> JAMES 1:12 MAKARIOS ANHR hOS hUPOMENEI PEIRASMON, hOTI DOKIMOS
> GENOMENOS LHMYETAI TON STEFANON THS ZWHS hON EPHGGEILATO TOIS
> AGAPWSIN AUTON.
> This verse is easy enough to read, but I am wondering if there is
> more than one way DOKIMOS GENOMENOS might be analyzed. In light of
> our recent discussion of fronted participle clauses, would we see
> DOKIMOS GENOMENOS as a temporal clause describing a process that must
> take place or perhaps a state that must be attained prior to LHMYETAI
> TON STEFANON ... ?
My view of this is that
(a) the subject of LHMYETAI is ANHR hOS hUPOMENEI PEIRASMON;
(b) DOKIMOS GENOMENOS is circumstantial and probably best understood
as the protasis of a future-more-vivid condition, equivalent to EAN
DOKIMOS GENHTAI ("if he proves that he has 'the right stuff,' ... ).
> Another question, does the nominative participle clause fill a
> syntactical slot in the following clause? Is it the subject of
> LHMYETAI or is the subject of DOKIMOS GENOMENOS coreferential with
> the subject of LHMYETAI?
I think they're coreferential and that their identity is to be read
from ANHR hOS hUPOMENEI PEIRASMON; after all, the hOTI clause surely
explains the reason why that ANHR is MAKARIOS.
Carl W. Conrad
Department of Classics, Washington University (Retired)
1989 Grindstaff Road/Burnsville, NC 28714/(828) 675-4243
cwconrad2 at mac.com
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