[B-Greek] L&N definition of APERCOMAI
iver_larsen at sil.org
Mon Jul 23 03:47:15 EDT 2007
>From Iver Larsen. See below:
----- Original Message -----
From: "Eric Weiss" <papaweiss1 at yahoo.com>
To: "b-greek" <b-greek at lists.ibiblio.org>
Sent: Monday, July 23, 2007 4:16 AM
Subject: [B-Greek] L&N definition of APERCOMAI
> Rev 21:4 He will wipe away every tear from their eyes,
and death will not exist any moreâ?"or mourning, or
crying, or pain, for the former things have ceased to
The NET Bible has the following note that is of
interest to me.
8tn For the translation of APERCOMAI; L&N 13.93 has
"to go out of existenceâ?"'to cease to exist, to pass
away, to cease.'"
I don't have/own L&N and would be very interested in
knowing what SOURCE(S) they cite to support this
definition. I just wanted to check the sources myself.
> (I am assuming I'll be able to find them on Perseus.)
> Eddie Mishoe
L&N doesn't cite sources. It just lists
definitions/meanings, and gives a NT verse as an example
where the word has that meaning.
I don't know how the following cut-and-paste from Logos
Ï?Î±ÏÎÏÏ?Î¿Î¼Î±Î¹d: á½ Î¿á½ÏÎ±Î½á½¸Ï, ÎºÎ±á½¶ á¼¡ Î³á¿?
Ï?Î±ÏÎµÎ»ÎµÏÏfÎµÏ"Î±Î¹, Î¿á¼± Î´á½² Î»ÏOÎ³Î¿Î¹ Î¼Î¿Ï. Î¿á½ Î¼á½´
â?~heaven and earth will pass away, but my words will not pass awayâ?T Mt 24.35.
Iver: This is not unicode, so it doesn't show. The word above is PARERCOMAI.
APERCOMAI occurs 117 in the GNT, and in most cases the subject is a person (or
spirit). It means to remove oneself or be removed from a particular place which
is clear from context.
A few times it is used with an inanimate subject. These are:
Mt 4:24 KAI APHLQEN hH AKOH AUTOU
(The report about him went out ...)
Here people are implicit (a metonymy), as it is really the people who went out
and spread the report.
Mark 1:24 (Luke 5:13) KAI EUQUS APHLQEN AP' AUTOU hH LEPRA
(Immediately the leprosy went out from him)
In this case you can say that the leprosy ceased to exist in this person.
Rev 9:12 hH OUAI hH MIA APHLQEN
(the first woe went away)
It had finished its course/work. It was over and done with.
Rev 18:10 KAI hH OPWRA SOU THS EPIQUMIAS THS YUCHS APELQEN APO SOU
(the fruit of the desire of your soul has gone away from you).
That is, it no longer exists in your possession.
Rev 21:1 hO GAR PRWTOS OURANOS KAI hH PRWTH GH APHLQAN
(For the first heaven and the first earth has gone away)
Rev 21:4 TA PRWTA APELQAN
(The former things have gone away)
A word often has different senses depending on whether the subject is animate or
inanimate. With an animate subject, this word does not imply that the subject
has ceased to exist, only that it is no longer present at the former position.
With an inanimate subject, the location is not so relevant as the thing itself.
When that thing has "gone away" it is no longer there. NCV for Rev 21:4 says:
All the old ways are gone.
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