[B-Greek] imperative participle

George F Somsel gfsomsel at yahoo.com
Mon Jul 16 11:32:34 EDT 2007


ἵνα δὲ μὴ σκανδαλίσωμεν αὐτούς, πορευθεὶς εἰς θάλασσαν βάλε ἄγκιστρον καὶ τὸν ἀναβάντα πρῶτον ἰχθὺν ἆρον, καὶ ἀνοίξας τὸ στόμα αὐτοῦ εὑρήσεις στατῆρα· ἐκεῖνον λαβὼν δὸς αὐτοῖς ἀντὶ ἐμοῦ καὶ σοῦ.

hINA DE MH SKANDALISWMEN AUTOUS, POREUQEIS EIS QALASSAN BALE AGKISTRON KAI TON ANABANTA PRWTON IXQUN ARON, KAI ANOICAS TO STOMA AUTOU hEURHSEIS STATHRA; EKEINON LABWN DOS AUTOIS ANTI EMOU KAI SOU

Πορευθεὶς [POREUTHEIS] is not used here as an imperative.  It is a circumstantial participle.  In the context the English might use a coordinate relationship and thus render it as an imperative "Go and cast …" as indeed all translations in the AV tradition have done.  The relationship is reflected by "Having gone to the sea, cast …"  Reading it as an imperative reflects English usage.

 
george
gfsomsel
 
Therefore, O faithful Christian, search for truth, hear truth, 
learn truth, love truth, speak the truth, hold the truth, 
defend the truth till death.
 
- Jan Hus
_________



----- Original Message ----
From: Lascelles James <lascelles_james at hotmail.com>
To: b-greek at lists.ibiblio.org
Sent: Monday, July 16, 2007 10:12:45 AM
Subject: [B-Greek] imperative participle


Is there a simple explanation for the use of the aorist particple as 
imperative. As in Matt 17:27 POREUTHEIS. Why not use the aorist imperative 
instead?

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