[B-Greek] Mark's unusual Greek - Latin or semitic influences ?

Randall Buth randallbuth at gmail.com
Tue Jul 10 14:53:12 EDT 2007

Iakwbos egrapsen
>It might be of some interest to consult:
>Elliott C. Maloney
>SBL Dissertation Series 51
>Society of Biblical Literature
>Scholars Press, Chico CA 1981
>ISBN 0-89130-406-1
>Father James Silver>

This is a useful work, however those referring to it need to be aware
of its limitations.

A glaring oversight was in the discussion on sentence coordination
where Maloney never discussed the lack of TOTE in mark's narrative
connection style. the oversight is caused in Greek gospel studies because
the lack of a "narrative TOTE" is normal Greek. It only differentiates
Hebrew influence from Aramaic influence but does not, in itself, signal
semitic influence. With a higher sensitivity to Aramaic in Greek dress, it
would be difficult to entertain a theory of a predominantly Aramaic
influence on Mark's Greek. Hebrew, yes, Aramaic, no.

Again, Maloney's work is useful, but even his cautious conclusions are
not properly founded.

As for Latin influence, one needs to distinguish loan words and
borrowings from pervasive influence. I haven't seen Hoskier's work,
but the brief report on the list is so far removed from what is seen in the
gospels related to the languages and culture of Judaia and Galilee that one
may be permitted to question his
expertise in Hebrew or Aramaic.  And for students, time might be
better spent becoming fluent in Hebrew, with a parallel expertise in
Aramaic, if they want to ask or investigate influence questions.


Randall Buth, PhD
χάρις ὑμῖν καὶ εἰρήνη πληθυνθείη
שלום לכם וברכות
ybitan at mscc.huji.ac.il
randallbuth at gmail.com

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