[B-Greek] : Questions about verbal aspect.
ken.penner at acadiau.ca
Tue Jul 10 08:02:55 EDT 2007
The question is whether SHMERON sets the reference point for LEGW or ESHi. It would be redundant if it set the reference point for LEGW rather than for ESHi. SHMERON can set a future reference point, as it does in Matthew 6:11; 16:3; 21:28; 22:34; James 4:13.
> Dear Mr Penner
> I found your explanation of how the aspect shifts when the
> reference point changes quite interesting, and have sometimes
> wondered if the Biblical Greek for Luke 23:43 substantiates
> the placing of the comma in English - before or after "today".
> Bruce Prince
> -----Original Message----Ken Penner wrote:
> > It IS true that the same objective event can be described using
> > different
> (grammatical) aspects, just as the same objective event can
> be described using different tenses.
> > John read the book yesterday. After he had read the book, he ate
> breakfast, because he had promised, "I will read the book
> before breakfast."
> This tense shift is not a totally subjective choice of the
> author; the tense shifted because the time of speaking
> (="speech time") changed.
> > Similarly, the aspect shifts when the "reference point" changes. The
> reference point is the time about which an assertion is made.
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