[B-Greek] I need help with an adverbial/participle clause

Christopher Shelton christophershelt at bellsouth.net
Tue Nov 28 23:57:14 EST 2006

To B-Greek--
     I am a non-matriculated student of Attic Greek who has a question 
about the translation of an exercise question assigned by my on line 
professor, Dora Pozzi Ph.D., of the University of Houston.  The question 
is about the translation of a circumstantial adverbial clause with a 
personal pronoun and participle in the dative.  If this is not correct 
protocol I am sorry.  It reads as follow:


After working on this with a friend we arrived at the translation:

*(When) I asked, my friend brought all that he had.
My question is: how am I to decipher the adverbial/participial clause 
EMOI AITOUNTI?  The personal  pronoun in the dative singular I 
translated as "to/with/from me," and my friend assured me that adverbial 
participles have, in English, the sense of beginning with the words, 
"while/when/as/since."  I would usually think "asking," when seeing 
AITOUNTI.  But, I have trouble translating participles.  My friend 
suggested that the participle modifies the personal pronoun, which 
sounds strange, creating an expression like: "to/for me...asking."  Then 
she said I should try to translate this into comprehensible English, 
arriving at:  "When I asked...."  What I want to know is how do I go 
from "When/While/Since/As...to/for/with me asking,"  or, "When...to me 
(me asking),"  to "When I asked...?"  What exactly can I visualize in 
this personal pronoun and participle that allows me to change "When...to 
me asking" to "When I asked?"
     Any help will be appreciated.  Participles are giving me a lot of 
trouble and I have a hard time making cognitive jumps when I encounter 
them.  Thank you.

Christopher Shelton
Fort Lauderdale, Florida, U.S.A.
christophershelt at bellsouth.net
tel. (954) 463-9624

The stuff of which the future society will be made is Man himself and you cannot build a marble temple with a mixture of mud and manure. -- Eugene O'Neill

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