[B-Greek] EILHFEN, Rev. 8:5 -- "aoristic"?

George F Somsel gfsomsel at yahoo.com
Mon Nov 13 15:46:47 EST 2006

Robertson terms this "The 'Aoristic' Present Perfect" on pp 898-902 of his _A Grammar of the Greek New Testament in the Light of Historical Research_.  He also references Burton, _Syntax of the Moods and Tenses in New Testament Greek_, pp 43-44

Still other cases should perhaps be explained as Aoristic Perfects, but for the reasons mentioned in 86 it is impossible [Page 44] to decide with certainty. While there is clear evidence that the Perfect tense was in the New Testament sometimes an Aorist in force, yet it is to be observed that the New Testament writers had perfect command of the distinction between the Aorist and the Perfect. The instances of the Perfect in the sense of the Aorist are confined almost entirely to a few forms, ESXHKA, EILHFA, hEWRAKA, EIRHKA, and GEGONA, and the use of each of these forms in the sense of an Aorist mainly to one or more writers whose use of it is apparently almost a personal idiosyncrasy. Thus the aoristic use of GEGONA belongs to Matt.; of EILHFA to John in Rev.; of ESXHKA to Paul; but see also Heb. 7:13. The idiom is therefore confined within narrow limits in the New Testament. Cf. Ev.Pet. 23, 31. 

Burton, E. D. W. (1898). Syntax of the moods and tenses in New Testament Greek (3rd ed.) (43). Edinburg: T. & T. Clark.


----- Original Message ----
From: Webb <webb at selftest.net>
To: b-greek at lists.ibiblio.org
Sent: Monday, November 13, 2006 2:45:40 PM
Subject: [B-Greek] EILHFEN, Rev. 8:5 -- "aoristic"?

PUROS... Rev. 8:5

Can someone confirm for me that EILHFEN (perfect) is truly equivalent to
ELABEN (aorist) here, as ZG says? If it isn't, what nuance do we get from
the use of the perfect?

Webb Mealy

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