[B-Greek] KURIOS hO QEOS hO PANTOKRATWR (Rev. 4:8)
George F Somsel
gfsomsel at yahoo.com
Wed Nov 8 00:50:45 EST 2006
To consider this let us take a look at a couple of passages. First, from the LXX
1 Kg 18.39
καὶ ἔπεσεν πᾶς ὁ λαὸς ἐπὶ πρόσωπον αὐτῶν καὶ εἶπον Ἀληθῶς κύριός ἐστιν ὁ θεός, αὐτὸς ὁ θεός
KAI EPESEN PAS hO LAOS EPI PROWPON AUTWN KAI EIPON, "ALHQWS *** KURIOS ESTIN hO QEOS ***, AUTOS hO QEOS
Jn 1.1 (And please don't go there)
Ἐν ἀρχῇ ἦν ὁ λόγος, καὶ ὁ λόγος ἦν πρὸς τὸν θεόν, καὶ θεὸς ἦν ὁ λόγος.
EN ARXHi HN hO LOGOS, KAI hO LOGOS HN PROS TON QEON,KAI *** QEOS HN hO LOGOS ***
In both of these there is a copulative verb (and in others I have surveyed as well). Also, note how you are using "All-Powerful" here. You are using it as a substantivized adjective in apposition to "God." It seems rather more likely that with the absence of a copulative verb both hO QEOS and hO PANTOKRATWR would be taken as appositives rather than one as an appositive and the other as a predicate nominative.
H.B. Swete wrote in regard to PANTOKRATWR in Re 1.8
hO PANTOKRATWR, which in other books of the N.T. is found but once and then in a quotation (2 Cor. 6:18), occurs again in Apoc. 4:8, 11:17, 15:3, 16:7, 16:14, 19:6, 19:15, 21:22. Like K. hO QEOS, hO PATOKRATWR is from the O.T., where the LXX. use it for $aD.aY in Job and in the other books for C:Bf)oWT. K hO QEOS hO P. occurs in Hos. 12:5 (6), and in Amos passim; in 2, 3 Macc. hO P. often stands alone.hO PANTOKRATWR=hO PANTWN KRATWN, hO PANTWN ECOUSIAZWN (Cyril. Hier. catech. 8:3), the All-Ruler rather than the Almighty (hO PANTODUNAMOS, Sap. 7:23, 11:17, 18:15); see Suicer ad v., and Kattenbusch, Das apost. Symbol, 2. p. 533 f.
The apocalypse of St. John. 1907 (H. B. Swete, Ed.) (2d. ed.) (11). New York: The Macmillan company.
----- Original Message ----
From: Webb <webb at selftest.net>
To: b-greek at lists.ibiblio.org
Sent: Tuesday, November 7, 2006 2:17:40 PM
Subject: [B-Greek] KURIOS hO QEOS hO PANTOKRATWR (Rev. 4:8)
If we assume that hAGIOS hAGIOS hAGIOS consists of three grammatically
independent shouts of acclamation, can somebody give me a reason strictly on
the basis of Greek grammar (not from LXX or MT of Isa. 6) why the following
phrase, KURIOS hO QEOS hO PANTOKRATWR, wouldn't look to a Greek speaker like
"God the All-Powerful is Lord!"
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