[B-Greek] A Question on 1 Timothy 2:6 and the meaning of, ANTILUTRON ?
webb at selftest.net
Mon Nov 6 18:08:31 EST 2006
For what nuance if any the prefix ANTI is likely to add to LUTRON, it
wouldn't hurt to compare what happens to the meaning of various familiar
verbs when the prefix ANTI is added to them.
See, for example:
BALLW and ANTIBALLW
GRAFW and ANTIGRAFW
KALEW and ANTIKALEW
METREW and ANTIMETREW
All of these gain some sense of "in exchange" or "in return". Given that
LUTROW means to buy someone out of captivity, and LUTRON means the price of
buying them out of captivity, there is already an implicit "this (money or
something valuable) in return for that" (the person or persons held in
captivity) in the whole notion of ransoming. The prefix ANTI fits right in.
As Barry said, looking at all the possible meanings of the preposition ANTI
on its own is not a safe procedure.
If there is some theological reason why the idea of "correspondence" should
be preferred, perhaps someone will explain that to me off list.
From: b-greek-bounces at lists.ibiblio.org
[mailto:b-greek-bounces at lists.ibiblio.org] On Behalf Of Barry
Sent: Monday, November 06, 2006 1:08 PM
To: b-greek at lists.ibiblio.org
Subject: Re: [B-Greek] A Question on 1 Timothy 2:6 and the meaning of,
> -----Original Message-----
> From: b-greek-bounces at lists.ibiblio.org
[mailto:b-greek-bounces at lists.ibiblio.org]
> On Behalf Of Awohili at aol.com
> Sent: Monday, November 06, 2006 2:41 PM
> To: b-greek at lists.ibiblio.org
> Subject: Re: [B-Greek] A Question on 1 Timothy 2:6 and the meaning
> of,ANTILUTRON ?
> Liddell-Scott-Jones (1996) gives for ANTI, in composition, "...4. in
> 5. instead of; 6. equal to, like; 7. corresponding." (page 153)
> Since LUTRON by itself means "ransom," it is reasonable to conclude that
> apostle may have had a more significant thought in mind when he used
> ANTILUTRON. Any of LSJ's last four glosses may be relevant: a ransom in
> (for); instead of; equal to or like; or corresponding.
When citing a reference such as LSJ, you normally use the last actual
revision date rather than the latest printing date.
Secondly, it's normally a flawed methodology to try to build the meaning of
the word from its compound elements in Greek. They often don't "add up,"
and this is especially the case in Hellenistic Greek, with the tendency to
use compound where in Attic the simplex form was used. The actual usage can
only be determined from seeing the word in its several contexts.
With that being said (note the Genitive Absolute construction), ANTILUTRON
is rare. It at least means ransom here, as the context in 2:6 makes clear,
but whether it has any extra-added nuance cannot be determined from the
form, but only from usage, which we lack. While Solomon's and Webb's
suggestions are reasonable, we can't be sure, and I would avoid using the
suggestions as any exegetical foundation...
N.E. Barry Hofstetter
Adjunct Faculty & IT Support
The Center for Urban Theological Studies
Classics Instructor, The American Academy
And my site:
B-Greek home page: http://metalab.unc.edu/bgreek
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