[B-Greek] Acts 2:16 - Holy Spirit = TOUTO w/no antecedent

Carl W. Conrad cwconrad at artsci.wustl.edu
Fri Nov 3 16:33:41 EST 2006

On Nov 3, 2006, at 2:37 PM, Jason Kerrigan wrote:

> Yes, Carl, you are correct.  I am wondering about a
> passage that refers to the Holy Spirit, specifically
> Acts 2:16.  Here, the Holy Spirit is referred to with a
> neuter pronoun (TOUTO) despite the fact that there
> is not a neuter antecedent.  However, Peter proceeds to
> quote a passage from Joel that does use the neuter
> PNEUMATOS, and therefore I was inquiring as to whether
> or not this noun would determine the gender of the preceeding
> pronoun.  However, as someone who is trying to grasp
> various rules of Greek grammar in general, I was hoping
> that there was somekind of universal rule relegating the
> correspondence between the gender of nouns and pronouns.

This is Peter addressing those who have claimed that those who are  
proclaiming the gospel in various languages are GLEUKOUS MEMESTWMENOI.


I don't think this TOUTO refers specifically to the Holy Spirit but  
rather to the phenomenon of the speaking. I think that TOUTO here  
refers to"what you are seeing and hearing." Certainly the citation  
from the prophet Joel goes on to explain what has happened in terms  
of Holy Spirit, but nevertheless I don't think that the gender of  
TOUTO has anything to do with the gender of PNEUMA -- I think it  
simply refers to the phenomenon just witnessed.

Carl W. Conrad
Department of Classics, Washington University (Retired)
1989 Grindstaff Road/Burnsville, NC 28714/(828) 675-4243
cwconrad2 at mac.com
WWW: http://www.ioa.com/~cwconrad/

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