[B-Greek] 1 Timothy 2:4
webb at selftest.net
Fri Nov 3 13:47:13 EST 2006
Dear Bob, and Listees,
BAGD definition 5, "every kind of, all sorts of", consistently goes with a
single noun. The only NT reference in their list of 32 or so citations below
that has a plural noun is Acts 2:5--and I don't see any good reason why it
should be on that list. Why can't the author of Acts say that there were
reverent Jews dwelling in Jerusalem from "all the nations under heaven"? Has
someone on the BAGD team tried to help out the author of Acts, by protecting
him from the obvious impossibility of asserting--with a modern person's
knowledge--that Jerusalem contained Jews from EVERY nation whatsoever?
Clearly he doesn't need that kind of help. Exaggeration, or hyperbole, is a
perfectly understandable figure of speech, whether in an ancient or in a
modern context. And there is a theological reason for it in the immediate
context too: the author believes that the Holy Spirit is about to begin the
process of sending out the good news to the furthest corners of humanity,
starting from this very city on this very morning.
I don't think there is any lexical justification for lessening the apparent
force of 1 Timothy 2:4.
From: b-greek-bounces at lists.ibiblio.org
[mailto:b-greek-bounces at lists.ibiblio.org] On Behalf Of RRedden604 at aol.com
Sent: Friday, November 03, 2006 10:19 AM
To: scotsmanmatt67 at btinternet.com; b-greek at lists.ibiblio.org
Subject: Re: [B-Greek] 1 Timothy 2:4
Certainly, there is justification for such a meaning since PAS may include
"everything belonging, in kind, to the class designated by the noun every
of, all sorts of..." (BAGD, 631). Examples include Mt. 4:23; 23:27; 28:18;
Acts 2:5; 7:22; 13:10a, b; Rom. 1:18, 29; 7:8; 1 Cor. 1:5b; 6:18; 2 Cor.
9:8b, c; 10:5a; Eph. 1:3, 8, 21a; 4:19; 5:3; Phil. 1:9; 2 Th. 2:17; Tit.
1:16; 3:1; 2:14; Heb. 13:21; Jas. 1:17, 21; 1 Pet. 2:1a, b; Rev. 8:7. A.T.
Robertson adds 1 Tim. 2:1 (Word Pictures)!
However, BAGD puts 1Tim. 2:4 in another category: "w. a noun in the pl.,
without the art. PANTES ANQROPOI all men, everyone...." Cf. Acts 22:15;
5:12a, 18a, b; 12:17; 1 Cor. 7:7; 15:19; 2 Cor. 3:2; Phil. 4:5; 1 Th. 2:15;
Tim. 4:10; Tit. 2:11.
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