[B-Greek] 2 Peter 1:10 Aorist with Present
Carl W. Conrad
cwconrad at artsci.wustl.edu
Mon Mar 13 04:33:33 EST 2006
On Mar 12, 2006, at 10:31 PM, Mitch Larramore wrote:
> DIO MALLON, ADELFOI, SPOUDASATE BEBAIAN hUMWN THN
> KLHSIN KAI EKLOGHN POIEISQAI...
> Dr. Conrad:
> What I am trying to understand is how an Aorist finite
> and a Present infinitive might work together (assuming
> in this context they do somehow). Would the Aorist
> SPOUDASATE represent getting the action
> completed/accomplished? Would the Present POIEISQAI
> represent getting the process started or underway?
> Resulting in something like: complete the action of
> being diligent (become completely diligent; or get
> into a fully diligent state), and (then) begin making
> (in an ever-increasing fashion) your calling and
> election firm.
I think you're trying to conflate and so to make contradictory the
aspectual functions of SPOUDASATE and POIEISQAI. My own sense is
that the aorist here underscores the urgency to make an earnest
resolve, while the present infinitive may indicate that what one
resolves to do requires ongoing effort.
I'm reminded of one of my favorite texts, Phil. 2:12-13: hWSTE,
AGAPHTOI MOU, KAQWS PANTOTE hUPHKOUSATE, MH hWS EN THi PAROUSIAi MOU
MONON ALLA NUN POLLWi MALLON EN THi APOUSIAi MOU, META FOBOU KAI
TROMOU THN hEAUTWN SWTHRIAN KATERGAZESQE; 13 QEOS GAR ESTIN hO
ENERGWN EN hUMIN KAI TO QELEIN KAI TO ENERGEIN hUPER THS EUDOKIAS.
Here the imperative is directly in the verb KATERGAZESQE: "...
continue to make your salvation efficacious with fear and
trembling ..." It seems to me that in 2 Peter 1:10 something very
similar is being said, but SPOUDASATE underscores the earnest
character of the resolve to act and keep on acting.
I don't know if that's satisfactory, but that's my take on it, at any
Carl W. Conrad
Department of Classics, Washington University (Emeritus)
1989 Grindstaff Road/Burnsville, NC 28714/(828) 675-4243
cwconrad2 at mac.com
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