Harold Holmyard hholmyard at ont.com
Mon Jun 5 17:59:39 EDT 2006

Dear Dave,

>I find DILOGOS in 3:8 and Polycarp to the Philippians 5:2. Both contexts are
>pastoral and both refer directly to the office of deacons/ministers. In
>these two context, it is a negative requirement. i.e. deacons/ministers are
>not to be this way. When I first noticed this post, I recalled the
>prohibitions in the Epistle of James and very often in Hermas to not be
>DIPSUCOS, double-souled or doubting/uncommitted. Living according to divine
>reason (LOGOS) is a prominent theme as far back as Justin Martyr, and may
>reach back through the Johannine school and Philo, in religious circles.
>Justin wished to trace it to Plato and Socrates. DILOGOS characterizes one
>who is not serious about matters at hand (SEMNOS 1 Tim 3:8). Both Polycarp
>and 1 Tim. speak of money, shameful gain in one and love of silver in the
>other. It seems much like a person who can not make up his mind, whether to
>peruse the ministry for personal gain or the glory of God. In this, it may
>be parallel to DIPSUCOS. The verbal form, DIALOGISMOS carries the idea of
>doubt, and so does DIPSUCOS.
>These are my preliminary thoughts on this word and, I hope, a springboard
>for the insight of others.

HH: LSJ offers "doubtful"and "double-tongued" and cites 1 Tim 3:8. The 
word means "double-tongued" or "insincere" according to BAGD, citing Pol 
5:2 and Moulton & Milligan. The NET Bible translates it as "two-faced" 
and has this note:

Or “insincere,” “deceitful”; Grk “speaking double.”

Harold Holmyard

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