Danny Andre' Dixon bereandad2003 at yahoo.com
Thu Jun 1 02:17:09 EDT 2006

While perusing Volume 2 of j. p. J. P. Louw and E.A. Nida, Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament Based on Semantic Domains ([New York: United Bible Societies, 1989], p. 128), I discovered the five ranges of meaning for KAQWS, namely:
  a. "to the degree that"/"just as" . . . 78.53
  b. "inasmuch as"/"because" . . . 89.34
  c. "just as"/"in comparison to" . . . 64.14
  d. "when"/"at the time of" . . . 67.33
  e. "how"/"in what manner" . . . 89.86
  More explicit breakdowns as indicated in the reference sections following the definitions revealed the following range of meanings:
  a. "in accordance with a degree as specified by the context --' to the degree that, just as' " (L&N, p. 693).
  b. "a marker of cause or reason, often with the implication of some implied comparieson -- ' inasmuch as, because' " (L&N, p. 782).
  c. "markers of similarity in events and states, with the possible implication of something being in accordance with something else --' just as, in comparison to' " (L&N, p. 619).
  d. "markers of a point of time which is simultaneous to or overlaps with another point of time --' when, at the time of ' " (L&N, p. 633).
  e. "markers of an event indicating how something took place" -- 'how, in what manner'  (L&N, p. 789).
  A few notes:
  1.  The sense of degree for KAQWS "Just as" is a term that can represent DEGREE as well as to indicate the possible implication of something being in accord with something else in a weaker, or less than equal, sense."
  2. The sense of cause for KAQWS "inasmuch as" and "because" are not a similar category indicating similarity.
  I could not help but think of the possibilities of lexical meanings for the use of the word in John 5:23, namely
  a. " . . . that all may honor the Son to the degree that/just as they honor the Father"
  b. " . . . that all may honor the Son inasmuch as/because they honor the Father"
  c. " . . . that all may honor the Son just as/incomparison to they honor the Father"
  d. " . . . that all may honor the Son when they honor the Father"
  e. " . . . that all may honor the Son how/in what manner they honor the Father"
  Does anyone have any comments on any essential lexical considerations present at John 5:23 or other passages, given the range of meanings in the use of the Greek word KAQOS?
  Danny Andre' Dixon, M.A. in Bible
  from Abilene Christian University

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