[B-Greek] Mt. 28:17 hOI DE EDISTASAN

George F Somsel gfsomsel at juno.com
Mon Apr 17 09:37:58 EDT 2006

On Mon, 17 Apr 2006 23:02:28 +1000 (EST) Albert & Julia Haig
<albert_and_julia at yahoo.com.au> writes:
> >>> [RB] So how would Greeks have heard Mt 28:17? OI DE 'and others'  
> DE marks a change and OI means a different group.
> >> [Me] OK, I see the point now. So is it impossible that the DE 
> marks a  change of topic from faith to doubt? Why? 
> > [CC] It marks a shift from focus upon those (of the disciples) who 
>  responded in faith to at least two others (of the disciples) who  
> responded with doubt. 
> I think the above sequence of quotes, and elsewhere in my post, 
> makes clear that I now agree with you on this; but the fact that the 
> "but some doubted" reading is probably correct *does not* mean that 
> we cannot explore other possibilities also. I was just asking 
> whether the other reading was possible, even granted that it is 
> unlikely. Apparently you don't think so; but you haven't given me 
> any reason, just restated the more likely reading which is no longer 
> in dispute. I'm asking if there's a specific reason DE can't mark a 
> contrasting antithesis of the "they were X, but they were also Y" 
> kind. Consider the English sentence, "they were rich, but they were 
> also poor". Couldn't the word "but" be DE in Greek? If so, isn't the 
> alternative of Mt. 28:17 still a possibility, even if a less likely 
> one?

DE does mark some distinction as has been noted, but what you are
proposing seems to be not so much a distinction as a contrast.  DE is not
a strong adversitive but "a marker connecting a series of closely related
data . . ." (BDAG, s.v. "DE").  For what you are proposing it seems more
likely that ALLA, a stronger adversitive would be used.  See Mt 9.24


He said, "Depart for the girl is ** not dead BUT sleeps ** "


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