[B-Greek] Matt 6:11: EPIOUSIOS (follow-up)

Carl W. Conrad cwconrad at artsci.wustl.edu
Tue Jun 7 15:43:35 EDT 2005

The following message came to me this morning regarding the question  
raised on this
list just four years ago; I think it may be of interest to B-Greekers.

Begin forwarded message:

> From: Marjan Nijman <marjan.nijman at hccnet.nl>
> Date: June 7, 2005 8:48:24 AM EDT
> To: cwconrad at artsci.wustl.edu
> Subject: epiousios on B Greek
> Dear SIr,
> I  was  'googling' on the word epiousios. I found this answer on a  
> question on this word
> in an e-mail of your list..
> ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 
> -----------------------
> Matt 6:11 EPIOUSIOS
> Jeffrey B. Gibson jgibson000 at home.com
> Sat Jun 2 13:28:09 EDT 2001
> ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 
> ----------
> Steve Puluka wrote:
> > In the Lord's prayer EPIOUSIOS is commonly translated "Daily  
> Bread".  Danker
> > in the new BAGD notes that Origen is very likely correct in  
> saying the word
> > is coined by the evangelists and does not occur outside Christian
> > literature.
> >
> > But recently, I was told that EPIOUSIOS was used to refer to  
> military
> > rations in Classical Greek.  Is any one aware of any usage of  
> > outside Christian literature?
> >
> The answer seems to be no. Claims are made that it appears in a  
> fifth century CE
> papyrus (see F. Preisgke, _Sammelbuch greichischen Urkunden aus  
> Agypten_ 1.5224:20]
> where it is the equivalent of the Latin *diaria* = daily ration),  
> but the papyrus  has
> been lost and is no longer accessible for checking the accuracy of  
> the transcription
> and the original publisher (A. Sayce) was, as Fitzmyer notes,  
> notorious for misreading
> and mis transcribing texts.
> For an assessment of the instantiation of EPIOUSIOUS, see B.M.  
> Metzger, "How Many
> Times Does "Eiousious" Occur outside The Lord's Prayer?", ExpTimes  
> 69 (1957-58) 52-54.
> Also see the bibliography that Fitmyer has drawn up on the term in  
> his _Luke X-XXIV_,
> 908-909.
> Yours,
> Jeffrey Gibson
> --
> Jeffrey B. Gibson, D.Phil. (Oxon.)
> 7423 N. Sheridan Road #2A
> Chicago, Illinois 60626
> e-mail jgibson000 at home.com
>  ----------------------
> In 1998 I finished my studies in the department of Theology and  
> Religious Studies of the faculty of Humanities at the University of  
> Amsterdam with an Extended Essay in the area of New Testament. The  
> topic was the daily bread in the Lords Prayer. My supervisor Prof.  
> Dr. J. W. van Henten sent me on 6 May 1998 to ''our neighbour '' at  
> the departmentof Papyrology of the archeological and historical  
> institute Dr. K. A. Worp to check the facts on the ''missing  
> papyrus'' because the literature I found was very old. We couldn't  
> find any new facts and concluded it was still missing. Dr. Worp  
> however suggested to contact Dr. W. E. H. Cockle of the department  
> of Greek and Latin of University College London. I wrote a letter  
> to ask whether SB1,5224 = Flinders Petrie Hawara p. 34 was still  
> missing. At 13 May 1998 he wrote me a letter on the Hawara papyri  
> but the letter said this papyrus was never in London. He continues   
> ''However in fact you are in luck! In 1985 Dr. Susan S. Stephens  
> published Yale papyri in the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript  
> Library II, (American Studies in Papyrology, Volume 24) Scholars  
> Press, Chico, California. I have noted that on pages XV-XXXII is  
> printed a Bbibliography of published Yale Papyri by Inventory  
> Number. On p.XVI Yale Papyrus Inventory number 19 is said to be P.  
> Hawara 245...From my own experience of the other Hawara Papyri I  
> can confirm that the Rev. Professor A.H. Sayce, who published the  
> editio princeps of this text, was not a very accurate transcriber,  
> so it would indeed be desireable to check whether epiousion can in  
> fact be read. I have my doubts.''
> I had to finish my studies before september and thought it would  
> take too much time (and money) to order a photo of the papyrus. But  
> I was in luck a second time! For Dr. Worp told me he had received  
> an e-mail from Yale that morning. Professor B. Porten an Arameicus  
> from Israel was in Yale. Dr. Worp asked him by e-mail whether it  
> was possible for him to  go to the Beinecke Library to take a look.  
> He was so kind to do it. and provided us with a xerox of papyrus  
> P.C.+YBR inv 19. On 15 June 1998 he wrote an e-mail to tell that he  
> and Professor A. Crislip had made a xerox and posted it. They  
> couldn't find the word epiousi.. in te papyrus. They read the  
> complete word elaiou (oil). When we received the xerox Dr. Worp  
> told me that the word in the papyrus was indeed elaiou. He also  
> said the papyrus was definitely from the first or second century CE  
> and not from the fifth century CE. Sayce was indeed very inaccurate.
> I didn't find the correct meaning of the word epiousios, but within  
> a month I found a papyrus that was reported missing for almost a  
> century. I finished my studies and we wrote an article on the  
> missing papyrus to be published in Novum Testamentum. In december  
> 1998 I wrote a letter to Bruce M. Metzger at Princeton Theological  
> Seminary, who had been searching for the papyrus for years. He was  
> very suprised and answered at 17 december 1998 that he had taken  
> the liberty to send a copy of the material we found on to his  
> friend Frederick Danker who was up-dating the Bauer-Arndt-Gingrich- 
> Danker Greek-English Lexicon!!!
> ------------------------------------------
> Now you know why Danker writes ''Origen is very likely correct in  
> saying the word is coined by the evangelists and does not occur  
> outside Christian literature.''
> Article:
> Worp Amsterdam Novum Testamentum XLI  (1999) 3 (july), P. 231-234
> .-----------------google results Epiousios and Nijman:
> Adobe Acrobat... EPIOUSIOS. ' IN A DOCUMENTARY PAPYRUS? by. M.  
> NIJMAN AND KA WORP. Amsterdam.In the well-known Greek-English  
> Lexicon originally compiled by HG ...www.kluweronline.com/article.  
> asp?PIPS=brill_00481009_v41n3_s3&PDF=1 -
> Gelijkwaardige pagina's
> NT & Papyrology: General... M. Nijman & KA Worp, ' "Epiousios" in a  
> Documentary Papyrus?' NovT 41(1999),231-234. 1. Matt 6.11; Luke  
> 11.3 (noted by Origen as very rare). 2. LSJ,  
> p. ...www.tyndale.cam.ac.uk/ Tyndale/staff/Head/NT&Pap4.htm - 68k -  
> In cache - Gelijkwaardige pagina's [PDF] 510472.
> Oratie WorpBestandsformaat: PDF/Adobe Acrobat - HTML-versie...  
> afwezigheid van het Grieks adjectief *epiousios* in Koinê-Grieks  
> buiten hetNieuwe. Testament (Ev.Marc. ... 113); zie hiervoor M.  
> Nijman - KA Worp, ...www.wetenschapsagenda.leidenuniv.nl/  
> content_docs/oraties_2003/nov2003oratie_worp.pdf - Gelijkwaardige  
> pagina's
> Maybe you can forward this e-mail to the members of your group who  
> asked the question and answered it.
> Yours Sincerely,
> Marjan Nijman
> Kolfstraat 283
> e-mail: marjan.nijman at hccnet.nl

Carl W. Conrad
Co-Chair, B-Greek List
Department of Classics, Washington University (Emeritus)
cwconrad at artsci.wustl.edu or cwconrad2 at mac.com
WWW: http://www.ioa.com/~cwconrad/

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