[B-Greek] rough breathing in Koine times

Carl W. Conrad cwconrad at ioa.com
Wed Jul 27 13:09:23 EDT 2005

It's unclear to me in exactly what sense Malcolm means "preserved." I  
may well be saying the same thing -- I hope more clearly -- in simply  
noting that for those who learned to write Greek in a school, at  
least, spelling tends to be far more conservative than oral usage.  
You might compare English where we write "although" and say "altho."

On Jul 27, 2005, at 11:34 AM, malcolm robertson wrote:

> Dear Eric,
> Because in writing at least this is how the rough breathing was  
> preserved.
> ________________________
> Eric Weiss <papaweiss1 at yahoo.com> wrote:
> Schemes which set forth Koine/NT/1st-century Greek pronunciation  
> state that the rough
> breathing had ceased by then and was not pronounced (just as it's  
> not pronounced in
> Modern Greek), even though the rough breathing mark continued to be  
> used.
> Why, then, did the forms of AF' (from APO) and OUC (from OU/OUK)  
> and hUF' (from hUPO)
> etc. continue if there was no difference in pronunciation or sound  
> between an initial vowel (or
> diphthong) with a rough breathing and an initial vowel (or  
> diphthong) with a smooth breathing?
> Why do we not usually see AP' and OUK and hUP' etc. before initial  
> vowels and diphthongs
> when there is a rough breathing?

Carl W. Conrad
Department of Classics, Washington University (Emeritus)
1989 Grindstaff Road/Burnsville, NC 28714/(828) 675-4243
cwconrad2 at mac.com
WWW: http://www.ioa.com/~cwconrad/

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