[B-Greek] Adverbial participle's case

Eric Weiss papaweiss1 at yahoo.com
Mon Aug 22 09:38:17 EDT 2005

> What determines the CASE of an Adverbial participle?
> Mitch Larramore
> Sugar Land, Texas
I suspect the case of the noun or pronoun who is "____-ing". E.g.:
1. I saw the man (while he was) swimming. "Man" is accusative, and hence so 
is "swimming" (to agree in case, gender and number with "man," to whom "swimming" 
2. While swimming, I saw the man on the shore. Swimming is nominative to agree with the 
implied subject, "I" - i.e., While (I was) swimming, I saw the man on the shore.
3. While Jesus was speaking to the crowd, the apostles went into town. Genitive absolute, 
both "Jesus" and "was speaking" are in the genitive case, because Jesus is not the subject 
of the sentence - "the apostles" is the subject.


Eric S. Weiss

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