[B-Greek] MHDEN in 1 Clem 20.2

Carl W. Conrad cwconrad at artsci.wustl.edu
Thu Jun 19 05:36:20 EDT 2003

At 11:49 PM -0500 6/18/03, Steven Lo Vullo wrote:
>Hi all:
>BDAG calls the use of MHDEN here an "accusative of the inner object."
>As I understand that terminology, it is equivalent to "cognate
>accusative." I have always understood the cognate accusative to be a
>direct object that shares lexically or conceptually the idea of the
>verb. The verb with which MHDEN here functions is EMPODIZONTA, which in
>this context means something like "hinder," and with the dative
>complement ALLHLOIS means something like "hinder one another," i.e.,
>day and night finish the course appointed by God without hindering one
>another. My question is, if the accusative of inner object shares
>lexically or conceptually the idea of the verb, is it really
>appropriate to call MHDEN here an accusative of the inner object? It
>seems to me that it is functioning as a full-blown adverb, "in no way
>hindering." It may be that I am just confused about the terminology.
>I'd appreciate any feedback.

Steven, for what it's worth, I really do think this is more a matter of
terminology than anything else; certainly MHDEN is functioning here exactly
as does POLLA with any AGANAKTEW or PENTE STADIA with ELAUNW. In terms of
the grammar I learned, the "cognate accusative" (QUSIAS QUW) is a
subspecies of the "internal accusative"or "adverbial accusative"--but then,
I recall Joshua Whatmough's admonition that "all accusatives are
fundamentally adverbial in that they indicate the limits of the verbal
force of a verb or other kind of word that has a verbal force. It doesn't
hurt to be cognizant of the extent to which much of our grammatical
terminology is rather arbitrary.

Carl W. Conrad
Department of Classics, Washington University (Emeritus)
1989 Grindstaff Road/Burnsville, NC 28714/(828) 675-4243
cwconrad at artsci.wustl.edu
WWW: http://www.ioa.com/~cwconrad/

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