[B-Greek] Usage of PAIS in Luke 7:7,Matt 8:5-13

Carl W. Conrad cwconrad at artsci.wustl.edu
Mon Jun 2 14:56:25 EDT 2003

At 2:19 PM +0100 6/2/03, Ben and Jo Crick wrote:
>On Mon  2 Jun 2003 (08:21:07), cwconrad at artsci.wustl.edu wrote:
>>  I think the question regarding usage of words for "slave" is
>> complicated in the Jewish/Christian tradition by the deep-seated
>> conceptions deriving from the exodus experience of Israel: Israel has
>> been liberated from bond-service (Abhodhah) to Pharaoh to be committed
>> servants (Abhdhim) of YHWH; isn't there the phrase in the prayerbook,
>> "whose service is perfect freedom"?
> There is indeed; and it's even more emphatic in the Latin /Vorlage/:
> Deus auctor pacis et amator   [O] God, the author and lover of peace,
> quem nosse vivere             whom to know is to have life,
> cui servire regnare est...    whom to serve is to reign...
> (the 2nd Collect at Morning Prayer, from the Sacramentary of St Gelasius)

But this  ("to serve is to reign") is not really quite the same thing as
"to serve is to be wholly free." In fact the antithesis you cite is more
like that of Satan in Milton: "Better to reign in Hell than serve in

Carl W. Conrad
Department of Classics, Washington University (Emeritus)
1989 Grindstaff Road/Burnsville, NC 28714/(828) 675-4243
cwconrad at artsci.wustl.edu
WWW: http://www.ioa.com/~cwconrad/

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