[B-Greek] Josephus Jewish War

Annie Luk annieluk at rogers.com
Sun Jul 13 00:45:10 EDT 2003


In William Whiston edition, Josephus Jewish War 2.247 is translated as follows: 
"After this Caesar sent Felix, the brother of Pallas, to be procurator of Galilee, and Samaria, and Perea,". 
The translation is slightly different in Loeb edition as follows: 
"After this Caesar sent Felix, the brother of Pallas, out as procurator of Judea, Samaria, Galilee, and Perea".

The major difference is that Judea was omitted in the William Whiston edition but included in the Loeb edition.

The Greek text is as follows:
META TAUTA IOUDAIAS MEN EPITROPON QHLIKA PALLANTOS ADELQON EKPEMPEI THS TE SAMAREIAS KAI GALILAIAS KAI PERAIAS, (EK DE THS CALKIDOS AGRIPPAV...

IOUDAIAS is in genitive, and so as SAMAREIAS, GALILAIAS, and PERAIAS.
EKPEMPEI is active indicative in 3rd person, the implied subject of this verb is Caesar.
EPITROPON and QHIKA are in accusative, which are apparently the direct object of the verb EKPEMPEI.

My questions are as follows:
What would be the probable reason that IOUDAIAS was omitted in the William Whiston edition?

While Judea did appear in the Loeb edition, why was it put together with Samaria, Galilee, and Perea in the translation? IOUDAIAS is at the beginning of the sentence whereas SAMAREIAS, GALILAIAS, and PERAIAS are at the end of the sentence.

Would it be reasonable to construe that Felix was already the procurator of Judea before he was sent to Galilee, Samaria, and Perea also?  

Thank you.

Annie
Canada


 


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