[b-Greek] EPHESIANS 1.4,5

Long, Fred longf at bethelcollege.edu
Mon Jan 13 16:15:15 EST 2003



> Esteban, 
> 
> My initial response was to resist your notion to take the EN AUTW as "for
> himself" rather than as "in him" in accordance with the emphasis on "in
> Christ" throughout the whole passage and book of Ephesians, whatever we
> are to make of this (Christ's agency, corporate representative, mysterious
> union, etc.)  See for example: 
> 
> 1:3 EN CRISTW
> 1:6 EN TW HGAPHMENW
> 1:7  EN hW
> 1:9 EN AUTW
> 
> However, I may be open to change this resistance due to evidence from
> searching data that related to your more primary question about EXELEXATO
> followed by the infinitive EINAI and hHMAS repeated. 
> 
> I have found that there are many instances where the verb EXELEXATO is
> found with an infinitive complement (to choose to do something).  For
> example, in the LXX: Deut 12:5, 11, 21, 26; 14:2, 23, 24; 16:2, etc.; 1
> Sam 2:28.  
> 
> Then, I looked more closely at one of these grammatical parallels.
> Deuteronomy 14:2 "For you are a holy people to the LORD your God, and the
> LORD has chosen you to be a people for His own possession out of all the
> peoples who are on the face of the earth " (NASB).  The Greek is SE
> EXELEXATO KURIOS hO QEOS SOU GENESQAI SE AUTW LAON PERIOUSION ("The Lord
> has chosen you to be a choice people for himself").   Due to the
> correspondence of theme and grammar, I am inclined to think that Paul's
> Greek in Eph 1:4 has been influeced by this sort of usage (Hellenistic? or
> Semitic?) and even this particular passage. First, there is the
> complementary infinitive with EXELEXATO.  Second, a verb of being is found
> as the complement (GINOMAI as opposed to EIMI). Third, the repetition of
> the direct object in the "subject" of the infinitive is the same (SE...SE
> in Deut and hHMAS...hHMAS in Eph). Fourth, the thematic link of the
> formation of a "holy" people. Fifth, "for the Lord" or "For himself" in
> support of your take on the EN AUTW as meaning "For Himself."  Taken
> together, these correspondences are weighty enough to suggest a direct
> intertextual influence.  Interestingly, the NA26 or UBS3 do not have Deut
> 14:2 as an allusion.  
> 
> As for the EINAI and hHMAS, the repeated hHMAS is emphatic, I think, and
> in the accusative case, since the nominative case is not possible, since
> it is the direct object and not the subject of EXELEXATO.  
> 
> As for your main question, I think that simply understanding a
> complementary infinitive (with purpose connotations from the lead verb
> EXELEXATO) would aptly describe what is going in Eph 1:4, with the
> explanation of hHMAS coming from the grammatical influence of Deut 14:2 or
> simply the emphasis on hHMAS.
> 
> Fred Long
> 
> +++++++++++++++++
> Fredrick J. Long, Ph.D. 
> Assistant Professor of New Testament
> Bethel College
> 1001 W. McKinley Ave.
> Mishawaka, IN   46545
> (574) 257-2548 
> longf at bethelcollege.edu
> 



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