2 Cor 6:1

Steve Lovullo SLovullo at etcconnect.com
Tue Jan 7 11:27:55 EST 2003

> -----Original Message-----
> From: Iver Larsen [mailto:iver_larsen at sil.org]
> Sent: Tuesday, January 07, 2003 10:18 AM
> To: Biblical Greek
> Subject: [b-greek] RE: 2 Cor 6:1
> > I would like to pursue this a little, and focus just on the 
> linguistic
> > issues, leaving aside, for the moment, the question of 
> context for the
> > moment. The NT does have examples of PARAKALEW with 
> infinitive of indirect
> > discourse; ATR points out the particularly interesting 
> example of Acts
> > 14:22, which has the infinitive and hOTI side by side:
> >
> >
> > Let me try once more. Leaving aside questions of context, could we
> >  translate 2 Cor 6:1,
> >
> > 'As fellow workers we also speak words of consolation saying,
> > 'You have not received the grace of God in vain'
> >
> > I am still wondering if DECASQAI can be understood as an 
> infinitive of
> > indirect discourse. Is that really a non-starter?
> We are dealing with two different issues here. One is the meaning of
> PARAKALEW, the other is the grammatical construction.
> PARAKALEW basically means "encourage". I accept that it can best be
> translated by "console/comfort" in several places in the LXX and three
> places in the NT which probably go back to a Hebrew text, 
> that is: Matt 2:8,
> Matt 5:4 and Luke 16:25. Comfort has to do with encouraging 
> people who has
> suffered in some serious way. All other places in the NT, PARAKALEW is
> better translated by encourage than comfort/console, although 
> the two senses
> are close.
> In 2 Cor 6:1 the context of the chapter suggests that he is 
> encouraging the
> believers to hold on to their belief even if it means 
> suffering, and to live
> a life that is worthy of a person who has received such great 
> grace from
> God.
> It is correct that "urge/encourage" imply some kind of speech 
> or message.
> And it is also true that it is not very easy to translate this verse
> meaningfully which can be seen from some of the attempts made 
> by English
> versions:
> RSV: we entreat you not to accept the grace of God in vain.
> NRSV: we urge you also not to accept the grace of God in vain.
> NIV: we urge you not to receive God's grace in vain.
> NET: we also urge you not to receive the grace of God in vain.
> NLT: we beg you not to reject this marvelous message of God's great
> kindness.
> GNB: we beg you who have received God's grace not to let it be wasted.
> CEV: so we beg you: Do not let the grace that you received 
> from God be for
> nothing.

I think the CEV illustrates a point I made earlier, that when converted to
direct speech we would have the equivalent of a hortatory imperative. The
same for Acts 14.22

Steve Lo Vullo 

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