If They Cannot Exercise Self-Control

Carl W. Conrad cwconrad at artsci.wustl.edu
Mon Jan 6 16:54:18 EST 2003


At 4:00 PM -0500 1/6/03, Matthew R. Miller wrote:
>In  Corinthians 7:9, why do most versions translate it as something like:
>"If they cannot practice self-control?" In other words, why is "cannot" in
>there? Is this warranted by egkrateuontai? Thanks, Matthew R. Miller

The text: (8) LEGW DE TOIS AGAMOIS KAI TAIS CHRAIS, KALON AUTOIS EAN
MEINWSIN hWS KA'GW; (9) EI DE OUK EGKRATEUONTAI, GAMETWSAN, KREITTON GAR
ESTIN GAMHSAI H PUROUSQAI.

I think the answer to that question is simply that this is what is implied
by the context: if they don't have the will-power to control themselves,
then ..."

Louw & Nida add a note to §88.83 (EGKRATEUOMAI): "An adequate rendering of
the expression 'to exercise self-control' may require an idiomatic
equivalent, for example, 'to hold oneself in,' 'to command oneself,' 'to be
a chief of oneself,' 'to make one's heart be odedient,' 'to command one's
own desires,' 'to be the master of what one wants,' or 'to say No to one's
body.' (Compare AKRASIA 'lack of self-control,' 88.91, and AKRATHS 'lacking
in self-control,' 88.92.)"
-- 

Carl W. Conrad
Department of Classics, Washington University (Emeritus)
1989 Grindstaff Road/Burnsville, NC 28714/(828) 675-4243
cwconrad at artsci.wustl.edu OR cwconrad at ioa.com
WWW: http://www.ioa.com/~cwconrad/



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