(RE) Discourse Function
moon at sogang.ac.kr
Wed Jan 1 11:34:32 EST 2003
> Matthew 14:2-3 KAI *EIPEN* TOIS PAISIN AUTOU, hOUTOS ESTIN IWANNHS hO
> BAPTISTHS. AUTOS HGERQH APO TWN NEKRWN KAI DIA TOUTO hAI DUNAMEIS
> EN AUTWi. hO GAR hHRWiDHS KRATHSAS TON IWANNHN **EDHSEN** [AUTON] KAI EN
> FULAKHi **APEQETO** DIA hHRWiDIADA THN GUNAIKA FILIPPOU TOU ADELFOU AUTOU
> [Herod] *said* ktl. For he **had** bound John and imprisoned him.
> The verbs EDHSEN and APEQETO follow EIPEN, but their action precedes what
> Herod said, so that the word 'had' is used in English translation. But
> importantly, the use of this 'had' in translation does not highlight a
> difference in the nature of the two aorists EDHSEN and APEQETO as opposed
> the aorist EIPEN, but rather highlights a difference between Greek and
> English in treating relative time, which English marks but Greek does not.
> The above observation on the difference between Greek and English
> seems to be overstated. Consider the following examples:
(1) Max slipped. He spilt a bucket of water.
(2) Max slipped. He had spilt a bucket of water.
(3) Max slipped because he split a bucket of water.
(4) Max slipped because he had spilt a bucket of water.
If we consider because = GAR, (3) is quite similar to
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