(RE) Discourse Function

Moon-Ryul Jung moon at sogang.ac.kr
Wed Jan 1 11:21:12 EST 2003


[ALEX]
Matthew 14:2-3 KAI *EIPEN* TOIS PAISIN AUTOU, hOUTOS ESTIN IWANNHS hO
BAPTISTHS. AUTOS HGERQH APO TWN NEKRWN KAI DIA TOUTO hAI DUNAMEIS
ENERGOUSIN
EN AUTWi. hO GAR hHRWiDHS KRATHSAS TON IWANNHN **EDHSEN** [AUTON] KAI EN
FULAKHi **APEQETO** DIA hHRWiDIADA THN GUNAIKA FILIPPOU TOU ADELFOU AUTOU
[Herod] *said* ktl. For he **had** bound John and imprisoned him.

The verbs EDHSEN and APEQETO follow EIPEN, but their action precedes what
Herod said, so that the word 'had' is used in English translation. But
importantly, the use of this 'had' in translation does not highlight a
difference in the nature of the two aorists EDHSEN and APEQETO as opposed
to
the aorist EIPEN, but rather highlights a difference between Greek and
English in treating relative time, which English marks but Greek does not.

[Moon]
The above observation on the difference between Greek and English 
seems to be overstated. Consider the following examples:




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