[B-Greek] Trench Synonyms and ENTEUXIS

Ann Nyland accuratebibles at ozemail.com.au
Sun Feb 16 16:07:05 EST 2003

Iver, I have noticed it is used for a pleading, if you will, or petition *on
behalf of another*, and not *for oneself*, whether in a negative sense
(against another, in NT, Rom. 11:2-3; Acts 25:24) or positive. In that case,
pleading is unsatisfactory as it does not carry the sense of 'for another'.

1st c. inscription, petition about the Ephesian mysteries: "To Lucius
Mestrius Florus, proconsul, from Lucius Poempeius Apollonius of Ephesos.
Mysteries and sacrifices are performed every year at Ephesos, sir, to
Demeter, Karpophoros and Thesmosphoros and to the divine Augusti by
initiates with much propriety and lawful customs, together with the
priestesses; (the mysteries) have been watched over for very many years by
kings and emperors and the annual proconsuls, just as their attached letters
say. Accordingly, since the mysteries will be soon upon us during your term
of office, sir, those who ought to perform the mysteries ANAGKAIWS
ENTUGCANOUSI SOI DI' EMOU in order that you, recognizing their rights..."
SIG3 8.40 (Ephesos, 88/9)

 A petition from a woman, Aurelia Tapammon, to two minor officials who were
responsible for public order. P.Oxy. Hels. 26 (pl.17) (Oxyrhynchos, 13 June,
296) "By inheritance from my parents I own with my sister Dioskouriaina a
slave by the name of Sarmates, house-born from the female slave Thaesis, and
since the time of the death of my parents he has been providing us with
income. But now, from I do not know what motive, he is withdrawing from his
work and is not willing to remain in our service or, moreover, to pay dues,
with what purpose I do not understand. Therefore, since I cannot endure the
insolence of a slave, I am presenting this written document with the
intention of ENTEUXOMENH and requesting that through your attention the
slave be compelled to pay the income owed by him and be ordered to remain in
our service."

For a discussion of ENTEUXIS as legal process, see O. Gueraud, ENTEUXIS.
Requetes et plaintes adressees au roi d'Egypte au IIIc siecle avant J.-C. (2
vols, Cairo, 1931, 1932).

Ann Nyland

----- Original Message -----
From: "Iver Larsen" <iver_larsen at sil.org>
To: <b-greek at lists.ibiblio.org>
Sent: Monday, February 17, 2003 4:47 AM
Subject: RE: [B-Greek] Trench Synonyms and ENTEUXIS

> >  The book I have is Richard Chenevix Trench, /Synonymns of the
> > New Testament/, Ninth Edition, Improved, London, Macmillan and Co, 1880.
> Richard Trench often makes comments on how best to translate certain
> and for that reason alone I find the book stimulating. Like Kittel he may
> putting too much emphasis on lexical semantics and not enough on context,
> but it is still a valuable book.
> As I am reading through it, I often want to check how we have translated a
> particular word in the dynamic Danish version we are working on.
> Today I came across ENTEUXIS and the corresponding verb ENTUGCANW (p.
> Trench says that the translations "intercession" and "intercede" are
> unsatisfactory. He says it is rather a bold petition or a strong appeal.
> Would you agree with Trench?
> The verb occurs in Acts 25:24 as a strong appeal, not directed to God. The
> other four times it is directed to God. In Rom 11:2 it also fits with the
> sense of pleading with God. The last three places it is followed by hUPER
> hAGIWN/hHMWN/AUTWN (Rom 8:27,34, Heb 7:25). Here it makes sense to me that
> the verb in itself has the sense of pleading and it is the following hUPER
> that adds the sense of intercessory pleading. Several of the newer
> translations (GNB, NLT, REB) use "plead" rather than "intercede" in Rom
> 8:27,34 and Heb 7:25. And even more use "plead" in Rom 11:2.
> The noun occurs in 1 Tim 2:1 (where NLT has "plead") and in 1 Tim 4:5 with
> somewhat special sense.
> Any comments?
> Iver Larsen

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