[B-Greek] hUSTEROUNTAI inRom.3:23

Carl W. Conrad cwconrad at artsci.wustl.edu
Sat Feb 8 13:09:26 EST 2003

At 12:27 PM -0500 2/8/03, <bertdehaan at gosympatico.ca> wrote:
>hUSTEROUNTAI in Rom.3:23 is usually translated active -fall short-. What
>is the significance of the voice in the Greek text (is it passive or

BDAG's entry for this (under hUSTEREW) is:
	5. to experience deficiency in someth. advantageous or desirable,
lack, be lacking, go without, come short of
	b. pass. w. gen. of thing (Diod. S. 18, 71, 5; ApcMos 26; Jos.,
Ant. 15, 200) Ro 3:23; Dg 5:13 (opp. PERISSEUEIN); IEph 5:2. Also EN TINI 1
Cor 1:7. Abs. (Sir 11:11) Lk 15:14; 1 Cor 8:8 (opp. periss.); 2 Cor 11:9;
Phil 4:12 (opp. periss.); B 10:3. Ptc. 1 Cor 12:24.-DELG s.v. hUSTEROS.
M-M. TW. Spicq.

I think this is middle; it is being used just like DEOMAI with a genitive.
Accordance lists 8 passives of hUSTEREW, only one of these is aorist
(hUSTERHQEIS in 2 Cor 11:9), but I really think they're all middle (and
intransitive). It's interesting that although there are quite a few actives
with pretty much the same sense, it seems that the use of middle for it
increases in the Koine.

Carl W. Conrad
Department of Classics, Washington University (Emeritus)
1989 Grindstaff Road/Burnsville, NC 28714/(828) 675-4243
cwconrad at artsci.wustl.edu OR cwconrad at ioa.com
WWW: http://www.ioa.com/~cwconrad/

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