hOI for some in Mt 28:17?

Manolis Nikolaou aei_didaskomenos at hotmail.com
Mon May 20 14:26:46 EDT 2002

> Stephen Levinsohn says "[DE] is used to mark new developments, in the
> sense that the information it introduces and builds on what has gone
> before and makes a distinct contribution to the argument."[1]  In this
> context, and supported by your point that hOI has to "point" to
> participants in the text, this means that the action indicated by the
> second verb is a "new development" but "introduces and builds on" the
> previous one.  The contrastive force, BTW, comes from the lexical
> semantics of the verbs and not the DE.
> That, coupled with the fact that these disciples had just got hit along
> side the head with a baseball bat the size of a resurrected Messiah who
> didn't overthrow Rome, tends to make me think that those who weren't
> certain were also those who believed.  Let me ask you, what state of
> mind do you think Paul (Saul) was in between the blinding and Damascus?
> Well, we don't know for sure, but he didn't eat or drink for three days
> (cf Acts 9:9).  One disturbed fellow.  I think you can see that we can't
> expect these people to just say, "Duh!"
> In other words, AUTON PROSEKUNHSAN, hOI DE EDISTASAN, "they believed him
> but struggled with their uncertainty."  This flows quite nicely into the
> following statement.
> ---
> [1] Discourse Features of NT Greek, pg 112
> -- 
> Mike Sangrey
> msangrey at BlueFeltHat.org
> Landisburg, Pa.
>                         "The first one last wins."
>             "A net of highly cohesive details reveals the truth."


As Mr. Conrad has written, this is a standard and really old usage of the
definite article + DE in Greek. A few examples drawn from NT have been
stated, as well. So your way of understanding is not really sound,

"… but struggled with their uncertainty" would be "EDISTASAN DE" not "hOI
DE EDISTASAN". The article hOI (before DE) is what makes all the
difference here.

Manolis Nikolaou 

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