Ephesians 2:8

Carl W. Conrad cwconrad at artsci.wustl.edu
Fri May 10 11:24:40 EDT 2002


At 9:42 AM -0400 5/10/02, Charles Wiese wrote:
>Why is TOUTO in Ephesians 2:8 in the Neuter form. Is it referring to
>PISTEWS, XARITI, both or neither?

Text: THi GAR CARITI ESTE SESWiSMENOI DIA PISTEWS; KAI TOUTO OUK EX hUMWN,
QEOU TO DWRON.

This question has in fact been discussed many times previously on the list;
I think the most common view is that TOUTO picks up the entire clause THi
CARITI ESTE SESWiSMENOI DIA PISTEWS, so that the sense of the remainder of
the verse is, "and this (the fact that you stand saved through faith) does
not (come/derive/originate) from yourselves, (it is) God's gift." The verbs
in each of these short clauses or in this clause with a double predicate,
if you prefer to view it that way, are understood with TOUTO as the subject
and OUK EX hUMWN and QEOU TO DWRON as predicate(s). There have been some
who've attempted to refer TOUTO to either CARITI or SESWiSMENOI or DIA
PISTEWS, but that's really pretty awkward, and the usage of TOUTO to refer
backwards to an  entire clause is not at all uncommon.
-- 

Carl W. Conrad
Department of Classics, Washington University (Emeritus)
Most months:: 1647 Grindstaff Road/Burnsville, NC 28714/(828) 675-4243
cwconrad at artsci.wustl.edu OR cwconrad at ioa.com
WWW: http://www.artsci.wustl.edu/~cwconrad/



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