iterative -SKO, -SKE

Carl W. Conrad cwconrad at artsci.wustl.edu
Fri May 3 19:50:30 EDT 2002


At 7:12 PM -0400 5/3/02, Manolis Nikolaou wrote:
>Mark Wilson wrote:
>
>> >Simply based on my understanding of iterative, I would be suprised
>> >to find an interative aspect associated with the Imperfective tenses
>> >more so than with the Perfective tenses. I would expect it to be
>> >fairly equally distributed. I say this partly because you can find
>> >the same verb with the same inflection in different contexts,
>> >where one is not iterative and the other is. Would not the iterative
>> >aspect be somewhat visually represented as this:
>
>Carl Conrad answered:
>
>> Could you provide some examples of verbs in perfective aspect that have an
>> iterative sense, Mark? I'm really curious as to what you might be talking
>> about. To be sure, there's the "gnomic aorist," but it isn't common enough
>> to account for "equal distribution of iterative (or even
>> interative--whatever that may be) forms between perfective and imperfective
>> tenses."
>
>In case "iteration" is to be understood as "repetition", I think an
>iterative verb in perfective tense shouldn't be considered impossible:
>
>2 Timothy 1:16  hOTI POLLAKIS ME ANEPSUXE KAI THN ALUSIN MOU OUK
>EPAISCUNQH.
>
>2 Cor 11:24-25  UPO IOUDAIWN PENTAKIS TESSARAKONTA PARA MIAN ELABON, TRIS
>ERRABDISQHN, hAPAX ELIQASQHN, TRIS ENAUAGHSA
>
>So, at least when combined with arithmetic adverbs, verbs in perfective
>tense seem to be "capable" of expressing some "iterative" sense, no?
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I concur: there's no question about these instances: but the "iteration" is
marked by the adverbs, not by the aorist-tense forms themselves, and in
fact, I think we'd have to say, honestly, that each aorist verb here in the
last-cited text = 1x, so that the force of the adverbs is to multiply that
1x by factors of 5, 3, 1 and 3.
-- 

Carl W. Conrad
Department of Classics, Washington University (Emeritus)
Most months:: 1647 Grindstaff Road/Burnsville, NC 28714/(828) 675-4243
cwconrad at artsci.wustl.edu OR cwconrad at ioa.com
WWW: http://www.artsci.wustl.edu/~cwconrad/



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