Jesus' Corpse

Vincent M. Setterholm Vincents at minn.net
Wed Mar 6 14:20:44 EST 2002


Semantically, you could look at 'corpse' as a subset of 'body'.  That is, a
corpse is a kind of body (one that is characterized by being deceased).

In the first and third example you provide, context tells us clearly that it
is a dead body, so nothing is lost by translating the term as 'body'; it is
probably a stylistic choice, to avoid some of the macabre of the word
'corpse'.

In the second verse, 'PTWMA' appears in a proverbial saying, further
detached from contextual clues about PTWMA, so it become necessary to use a
word that articulates the 'non-living' nature, such as 'corpse' or
'carcass'.

It is just a matter of style.

Vincent Setterholm


-----Original Message-----
From: Wes Williams [mailto:WesWilliams at usa.net]
Sent: Wednesday, March 06, 2002 11:53 AM
To: Biblical Greek
Subject: [b-greek] Jesus' Corpse


Does anyone have insight into why Jesus' PTWMA is not translated as
"corpse"? A PTWMA is not exactly the same thought as English "body." What is
the best translation of PTWMA?

NAB Matthew 14:12 His disciples came and took away the corpse [PTWMA] and
buried him; and they went and told Jesus.

NAB Matthew 24:28 "Wherever the corpse [PTWMA] is, there the vultures will
gather.

NAB Mark 15:45 And when he learned of it from the centurion, he gave the
body [PTWMA] to Joseph.

Thank you,
Wes Williams



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