Bad Grammar ? and John 15:26, 16:7-8, 13-14

Edward Otte edotte at
Wed Jan 30 07:06:18 EST 2002

John 15:26, John 16:7-8, and John 16:13-14 contain references to the
spirit of truth. The word PNEUMA is, of course, neuter in gender and a
very fundamental rule in Biblical Greek is words related to nouns are
declined to agree with their antecedents. The above mentioned verses
however seem to defy that convention. An example is verse 13 where the
text is EKEINOS TO PNEUMA. Clearly this is a masculine demonstrative
pronoun with a neuter article and a neuter noun. Moreover, the verbs in
these verses also are masculine. An example, again, is verse 13 EKEINOS TO

So beyond the obvious theological implications, is there some exception to
a rule that justifies this non-agreement? I do know that some exceptions
exist with agreement of number but not gender. Also, other than the
obvious theological possibilities, are there any other compelling reasons
to construct a sentence in this manor?

Edward Otte

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