DOMATA in Mal 1:3

Cees van Veelen cees at
Tue Jan 29 17:44:52 EST 2002

> In a message dated 1/29/2002 10:51:52 AM Eastern Standard Time, 
> cees at writes:
> >> As far as I can tell, the word DOMATA (in Mal 1:3) is accusative plural of
> >> the neuter noun DOMA and means "gifts".  Brenton (according to BibleWorks)
> >> translates it as "dwellings" and is supported in this by a commentary on
> >> Malachi by D. L. Petersen.  I see the similarity between the words DOMA and
> >> DOMOS, but is it possible to understand DOMATA as a form of DOMOS?  
> >There is a correction suggested to read DWMATA (with omega). That would
> >translate as dwellings.
> >Anyway - 'gifts of the desert' does not make much sense here, as 'dwellings 
> of
> >the desert' does. So I do understand the argument for the correction. The 
> hebrew
> >has something else: jackals of the desert.
> I think that, no matter how you understand it, the form found in the LXX 
> cannot be correct from the standpoint of the lexica and grammars.  As was 
> indicated above, there is a form with an omega.  LSJ also lists DOMOS.  The 
> problem here is that it would not have the form DOMATA.  Either DOMOS OR DWMA 
> has the meaning "house."  There does seem to be a nuance, however, which 
> would lead me to choose DOMOS.  DOMOS has a usage as "sheep-fold", etc.  This 
> would seem to agree with the context of Mal 1.3.

That means that you propose to read: TOUS DOMOUS? For me a spelling variation
DOMATA - DWMATA is easier to understand than TA DOMATO - TOUS DOMOUS.
It also depends how you interprete the genitive 'of the desert': I would tend
to translate: The desert as a place to live. According to LSJ the plural DWMATA
can be used for a single house.

Cees van Veelen, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

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