1st John 4:13

Steven Lo Vullo doulos at merr.com
Sun Jan 13 23:40:35 EST 2002


On Sunday, January 13, 2002, at 09:43  PM, waldo slusher wrote:

> In 1st John 4:13,
>
> EN TOUTWi GINWSKOMEN hOTI EN AUTWi MENOMEN KAI AUTOS
> EN hHMIN hOTI EK TOU PNEUMATOS AUTOU DEDWKEN hHMIN
>
>
> Is the prepositional phrase EK TOU PNEUMATOS AUTOU the
> direct object of DEDWKEN or is DEDWKEN being used as
> an intransitive verb?
>
> If the EK had been omitted, I think it would have
> seemed right to me. (He gave to us his Spirit.)

Hi Waldo:

  I think it would be incorrect to label a prepositional phrase as a 
direct object. In my reading of the GNT I have very often noted 
transitive verbs having an unstated, though implied, direct object. This 
seems to be especially frequent with DIDWMI. I think this is the case 
here, since DEDWKEN is transitive and has an indirect object (hHMIN). 
But what direct object should be inferred? It's hard to say, but I think 
something like METRON seems likely, and John 3.34 may give us some 
justification for that idea. There, speaking of one of the things the 
Father has given the Son (cf. v. 35, hO PATHR AGAPAi TON hUION KAI PANTA 
DEDWKEN EN THi CEIRI AUTOU)), the Evangelist says, OU GAR EK METROU 
DIDWSIN TO PNEUMA ("for he gives [him] the Spirit without measure"). For 
this reason (GAR) it can be said that the Son TA hRHMATA TOU QEOU LALEI. 
It seems John sees the Son as a special case of one who has been given 
the Spirit without measure (METROU), so I don't think it is a leap to 
supply METRON (or something similar) in 1 John 4:13. Then we would have 
something like, hOTI [METRON] EK TOU PNEUMATOS AUTOU DEDWKEN hHMIN 
("because he has given us a measure of his Spirit").
==========

Steven Lo Vullo
Madison, WI




More information about the B-Greek mailing list