Customary, Habitual, General Present Tense
James S. Murray
jsmurray at execpc.com
Sat Jan 12 17:34:14 EST 2002
waldo slusher wrote:
> PAS hO PISTEUWN EIS AUTON MH APOLHTAI [John 3:16,
> On page 522 in Greek Grammar Beyond the Basics, by
> Daniel B. Wallace, he offers comments on this verse
> "In this Gospel, there seems to be a qualitative
> distinction between the ongoing act of believing and
> the simple fact of believing."
> If this statment accurately captures John the
> Apostle's intent, would we not expect to find MH
> APOLHTAI in a Future Tense? What I am asking is this:
> if John is saying the we are to be in the ongoing act
> of believing, then "not perishing" will be the
> subsequent outcome sometime in the future (after we
> demonstrate an ongoing believing)?
> As a follow up to my last email on QANATOS, could
> someone let me know just what the root QAN means?
> Many thanks,
> Waldo Slusher
Text: hINA PAS hO PISTEUWN EIS AUTON MH APOLHTAI ALL ECHi ZWHN AIWNION.
There is no grammatical connection between the tense of PISTEUWN and the mood of the
verbs in the clause. APOLHTAI and ECHi are subjunctives, not futures, simply because
they are part of a hINA (purpose) clause. The subjunctive should not be understood
as indicating doubt about what happens to those who believe. The focus is on the
intention of the main verb (in this case EDWKEN in the prior clause). Since you have
Wallace, I suggest you look at his discussion on pg. 472.
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