textual cruces

Rev. Bryant J. Williams III bjwvmw at com-pair.net
Sun Sep 9 03:11:56 EDT 2001

Dear Marica:

I think the use of DIKAIOSUNH + cognates where in Mt 6:1 and James 2:21-25
it has an "ethical/social aspect," while Romans 3:21-26 and Galatians
2:15-3:14 has Paul using DIKAIOSUNH + cognates with a "forensic/legal
aspect." Both aspects are always present in the use of the word-group, but
the CONTEXT determines which aspect is being emphasized.

I would also add the following:
1. The use or non-use of the article (including Sharp's Rule and Colwell's),
how prepositions are used in the NT (remember that in English we are usually
taught what a prepositions is and how to recognize one, but we are NOT
taught how it is used; this is a much neglected area of NT Greek grammars;
see also ANTI; EN; HYPER; etc.).
2. The use or non-use of the LXX versus the MT (Masoretic Text) in the
quotations found in the NT (all the quotes and allusions in Hebrews are from
the LXX).
3. Certain forensic, social, athletic, military terms are incomprehensible
without knowledge of Greek.
    a. DIKH + cognates = righteous(ness); justify (justification).
    b. METAMELOMAI, METANOEW & STREFW word-groups         = repentance;
grief; to turn around; etc.
    c. KATALLASSW = reconciliation.
    d. HOMOLOGEW = confession (forensic); praise (confession         and
acknowledgement, gratitude).
    e. KURIOS = Lord.
    f. HYPOTASSW = subjection; submission.

I could go on, but I think you get the picture.

En Xpistw,

Rev. Bryant J. Williams III

----- Original Message -----
From: "Marica Frank" <Marica.Frank at archden.org>
To: "Biblical Greek" <b-greek at franklin.oit.unc.edu>
Sent: Friday, September 07, 2001 3:18 PM
Subject: [b-greek] textual cruces

I am a Classicist by training but am presently teaching NT Greek at a
seminary.     One of my concerns is to convince students that a
translation of the New Testament is not an adequate basis for teaching
and preaching.    I can, of course, point to examples where the Greek
word or phrase has a rich range of nuance which cannot be captured in
English.    What I would like to find, however, and what I hope members
of the list will be able to assist me with, are significant passages in
the New Testament where a knowledge of Greek is really necessary for the
interpretation of the text.     I have Nigel Turner's 'Grammatical
Insights into the New Testament', but many of the passages in which he
finds textual problems are not really significant enough to persuade
students that they can't manage without Greek.    I'd be grateful if
more experienced teachers of NT Greek could come to my rescue here.

Marica Frank

St. John Vianney Seminary, Denver

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