Semantic situations of hEWS, ACRI, & MECRI

CEP7 at aol.com CEP7 at aol.com
Thu Sep 6 22:11:22 EDT 2001


I was wondering is anyone had done work on the temporal adverbs/prepositions 
of hEWS, ACRI, & MECRI. Specifically what is the semantic situation when 
these words indicate that an action or event continues up until a specific 
time and then the action or event ceases or changes vs. an action or event 
continues up until a specific time and continues through it. The contrast can 
be seen in the following selected passages.

Matt 2:13 EGERQEIS PARALABE TO PAIDION KAI THN MHTERA AUTOU KAI FEUGE EIS 
AIGUPTON KAI ISQI EKEI EWS AN EIPW SOI MELLEI GAR hHRWiDHS ZHTEIN TO PAIDION 
TOU APOLESAI AUTO.  “Arise and take the Child and His mother, and flee to 
Egypt, and remain there until I tell you; for Herod is going to search for 
the Child to destroy Him.” 

Matt 2:15 KAI HN EJKEI EWS THS TELEUTHS hHRWiVDOU and was there until the 
death of Herod,

These two passages suggest that Joseph and Mary would leave Egypt after Herod 
died, as the context confirms. However,

Deut 1:31 KAI EN THi ERHMWi TAUTHi HN EIDETE hWS ETROFOFORHSEN SE KURIOS hO 
QEOS SOU hWS EI TIS TROFOFORHSEI ANQRWPOS TON hUION AUTOU KATA PASAN THN 
hODON HN EPOREUQHTE hEWS HLQETE EIS TON TOPON TOUTON  and in the wilderness 
where you saw how the LORD your God carried you, just as a man carries his 
son, in all the way which you have walked, until you came to this place.

This passage does not suggest that God stopped carrying Israel until they 
reached Canaan, but affirms that God has crried them up until the present, 
and implies that he will continue to be with them.

The same might be said of Rom 5:13: ACRI GAR NOMOU hAMARTIA HN EN KOSMWi, 
hAMARTIA DE OUK ELLOGEITAI MH ONTOS NOMOU  for until the Law sin was in the 
world; but sin is not imputed when there is no law. 

Sin does not cease being in the world when the Law came, but continues on.

Does the difference have to do with the types of verbs involved with the 
temporal adverbs, e.g., stative vs. verbs of motion or is something more 
going on? This would have much significance on such passages as Matt 1:25; 
Rev 20:3, 5 as well as several other passages. 

Charles E. Powell, Ph.D.
9749 Burney Dr
Dallas, TX 75243
972-231-4166
cep7 at aol.com



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