hEPTA + KIS?
Carl W. Conrad
cwconrad at artsci.wustl.edu
Fri Oct 19 07:47:06 EDT 2001
At 9:03 AM +0200 10/19/01, Iver Larsen wrote:
>> on 10/18/01 7:37 PM, Mark Wilson at emory2oo2 at hotmail.com wrote:
>> > Can someone tell me how hEPTAKIS is derived. Assuming
>> > the hEPTA part is "seven," where does KIS come from?
>> Not sure I have this right, but judging from the words that have this
>> ending, it seems to be an adverbial suffix meaning "times." In a search I
>> did, I came up with hEBDOMHKONTAKIS (seventy times), hEPTAKIS
>> (seven times),
>> hOSAKIS (as many times as), PENTAKIS (five times), POLLAKIS (many times),
>> POSAKIS (how many times?).
>> Steven Lo Vullo
>>From a translation point of view this is interesting in
>Matt 18:22: OU LEGW SOI hEWS hEPTAKIS ALLA hEWS HEBDOMHKONTAKIS hEPTA
>The seventy-fold seven was wrongly transferred by literal English versions
>into 70 times 7 times when in fact it means 77 times. Jesus is probably
>making reference to Gen 4:24 where Lamech says that he will revenge 77-fold.
No doubt this IS from the LXX of Gen 4:24, but hEBDOMHKONTAKIS hEPTA does,
in fact, mean 70 x 7 = 490. It was not the English translator that made an
error here but rather, it would seem, the LXX translator; the Hebrew of Gen
4:24 reads SHIV'IM WeSHIV'A, 70 + 7 = 77; the LXX text doesn't have any
conjunction KAI between the two numerals corresponding to the Hebrew We.
>Jesus now says that in the new Kingdom of God forgiveness has replaced
This, of course, would be the implication in any case.
Carl W. Conrad
Department of Classics, Washington University (Emeritus)
Most months: 1647 Grindstaff Road/Burnsville, NC 28714/(828) 675-4243
cwconrad at artsci.wustl.edu OR cwconrad at ioa.com
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