AGAPAW, FILEW: correction

Carl W. Conrad cwconrad at artsci.wustl.edu
Thu Oct 18 10:41:59 EDT 2001


At 9:50 AM -0400 10/18/01, Carl W. Conrad wrote:
>Classical Greek idiom uses FILEW to express natural tendencies. I'm drawing
>a blank (mark of senescence) on Aristotle's best-cited FILEI hH FUSIS ...
>--can anyone spell me out? But the one that comes most readily to mind is
>Thucydides' PANTA FILEi ELASSOUSQAI = "Everything has a natural tendency to
>deteriorate"--or, more colloquially, "Everything loves to go bad." How's
>that for focus on the emotional side? I'd still prefer to go back to the
>etymological element: FILEW is "have kindred feeling for"--seems to me that
>attitudes toward kin run across the entire spectrum of positive and
>negative!

The Thucydides citation doesn't have FILEI but rather PEFUKE, which is used
exactly the same way as FILEI, but the usage of FILEI is sort of cute, I
think, but it's an extension from the notion of kindred association
inherent in the root.

Perseus LSJ: FILEW:
II. after Hom., c. inf., love to do, be fond of doing, and so to be wont or
used to do, phileei ho theos ta huperechonta kolouein Hdt.7.10 .e; ên
hamartôsi tou patrikou tupou . . phileousi diaphtheiresthai Democr.228 ;
Moisa memnasthai ph. Pi. N.1.12 , cf. P.3.18; philei de tiktein hubris . .
hubrin A.Ag.763 (lyr.); tois thanousi toi philousi pantes keimenois
epengelan S.Aj.989 , etc.; rarely with part. for inf., phileis de drôs'
auto sphodra Ar.Pl.645 .
2. of things, events, etc., aurê apo psuchrou tinos phileei pneein Hdt.2.27
; philei ôdina tiktein nux A.Supp.769 ; emporôn epê ph. planasthai S.OC 304
; philei gar pôs ta toiauth' heterai trepesthai Ar.Nu.813 (lyr.); philei
megala stratopeda ekplêgnusthai Th.4.125 ; ho dê ph. ho erôs empoiein
Pl.Smp.182c : esp. with gignesthai of what usually happens, apo peirês
panta anthrôpoisi phileei ginesthai everything comes to man by experience,
Hdt.7.9.g, cf. 7.10.z, 7.50, Th.3.42, Isoc.6.104, Pl. R.494c, al.; hoia ph.
gignesthai Th.7.79 , cf. Hdt.8.128; without gignesthai, hoia dê philei as
is wont, Pl.R.467b; hopoia ph. Luc.Am.9 .
3. impers., phileei de kôs prosêmainein (sc. ho theos), eut' an . .
Hdt.6.27; hôs dê philei . . logon
-- 

Carl W. Conrad
Department of Classics, Washington University (Emeritus)
Most months: 1647 Grindstaff Road/Burnsville, NC 28714/(828) 675-4243
cwconrad at artsci.wustl.edu OR cwconrad at ioa.com
WWW: http://www.artsci.wustl.edu/~cwconrad/



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