The J in Jesus

Jack Kilmon jkilmon at historian.net
Mon Oct 1 01:32:15 EDT 2001




----- Original Message -----
From: Bob Vincent <bob at rbvincent.com>
To: Jack Kilmon <jkilmon at historian.net>; Biblical Greek
<b-greek at franklin.oit.unc.edu>
Sent: Sunday, September 30, 2001 9:22 PM
Subject: Re: [b-greek] Re: The J in Jesus


> Jack Kilmon <jkilmon at historian.net> wrote:
> > I believe the correct roots are "Who help is YHWH." The name
> > that reflects what you are translating would be "YESHA (save)-YAHU"
> > in other words, Isaiah.
>
> Dear Jack,
>
> Jesus was a fairly common Jewish name, identical to Joshua.  God revealed
> himself through many words in the Old Testament, such as El Shaddai and El
> Elyon, but one stood out clearly as his proper name: four letters from the
> Hebrew alphabet, YHWH, almost certainly pronounced as Yahweh or Yahvhe,
> never as Jehovah. This name was always seen as very sacred and powerful
and
> therefore never to be used lightly.
>
> No one ever dared to name a child God or Yahweh -- the very thought was
the
> height of blasphemy -- but throughout biblical history, godly people gave
> their children names that reflected God's attributes and ownership. For
> example, Elisha, which probably contracts two words, El (meaning God) and
> yeshua (meaning salvation or deliverance), means "God is salvation."
>
> Many times people incorporated God's proper name, Yahweh, as part of the
> name. Elijah is comprised of El (God), with the first person singular
> suffix, i (my), and Yahweh (contracted to Yah): "My God is Yahweh."
>
> Joshua is formed by contracting Yahweh with yeshua: "Yahweh is salvation,"
> an appropriate name for a deliverer, such as the son of Nun. Before the
> Babylonian captivity, Joshua's name in Hebrew was pronounced Yehoshua (Yeh
> HO [as in no] shoo ah); afterwards it was written Yashua (Ya [as in day]
> SHOO ah). In Greek and Latin it is (pronounced YA [as in day] soos),
> written Iesus in Latin.

As you know, theophorics were very common in pre-exilic times.  The
admonition
against pronouncing the Shem haMeforash became very strong in the 2nd
temple period.  Y'shua is an Aramaic name which is a truncated form of
the earlier pre-exilic form.  The Yod (voiced with tsere) is all that is
left
from Yaho (YHWH).  $w( or SHUA is denominated from $w(h meaning
"a cry for help," a hapax legomenon found at Ps 5:3 and the form to
"save" or "deliver" is y$( which, as I said previously can be found in the
name
of Isaiah, y$(yhw or YESHa-YAhu (God saves).  That the name Yeshua means
"saviour" is driven more by theology than linguistics, IMO, and the
etymology
of Y'shua as was Yehoshua was "Whose help is YHWH"

Jack




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