Division of words into syllables
Kevin W. Woodruff
cierpke at prodigy.net
Tue Jul 3 11:13:06 EDT 2001
Mounce (pages 16-17) has a discussion in his grammar. He suggests looking
the words up in a lexicon to see whether or not consonant clusters can begin
a word .Mounce adds the rule that double consonants are divided between the
two doubled consonants
At 11:06 AM 7/3/2001 -0400, you wrote:
>Smyth discusses the division of Greek words into syllables for the purpose
>of breaking words at line endings -- and also pronunciation, but who cares
>about that? ;-) -- in para. 140 (page 35). Goetchius (The Language of the
>New Testament, p. 318 n. 2) has a simpler restatement of basically the same
>rules (he ditches Smyth's [i.e., the ancients'] weasling about sigmas
>followed by other consonants).
>Here's how Goetchius puts it:
>(a) A single consonant goes with the following vowel:
>(b) Any group of consonants that can begin a word (in Greek) goes with the
> PI-STEU-O-MEN A-QLH-SIS MI-KROS TI-KTW KRU-PTW
>(c) A consonant plus M or N goes with the following vowel:
> PRA-GMA MI-MNH-SKO-MAI
>(d) Other consonant groups are divided:
> EL-PIS ER-XO-MAI
>(e) Compounds are divided at the point of junction:
> EIS-HL-QON PROS-ER-XE-TAI
>(1) Does anyone know of a fuller or better discussion (i.e., explicit and
>unambiguous rules that correspond to somebody's actual practice)? I find
>nothing in BDF; my Moulton-Howard morphology is on loan, but I could
>probably scrounge another somewhere.
>(2) Where might I find a list of all consonant combinations that can begin a
>word (needed for rule b in both Smyth and Goetchius).
>(3) I suppose there's no reliable way to automate rule e....
>James D. Ernest, Ph.D.
>Associate Editorial Director, Hendrickson Publishers
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Kevin W. Woodruff, M. Div.
Library Director/Reference Librarian
Professor of New Testament Greek
Cierpke Memorial Library
Tennessee Temple University/Temple Baptist Seminary
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Chattanooga, Tennessee 37404
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