1Cor 16:3

Steven R. Lo Vullo doulos at appleisp.net
Sat Aug 25 16:28:07 EDT 2001

on 8/25/01 4:41 AM, Iver Larsen at iver_larsen at sil.org wrote:

> What about the option of "attendant circumstance" which is BDAG A III 1 c
> for DIA? They cite another instance like
> Writing with tears is quite different from writing with ink. It seems to me
> that Paul wants to send these people with the money accompanied by letters
> that explain where they come from and probably include the amount being sent
> to avoid any temptation.

Hi Iver:

I don't have the new BDAG, but the examples given in BAGD (2nd) for the most
part, IMHO, can be explained as means, although 2 Cor 2.4 is a good
candidate for attendant circumstances. But I think it may also be explained
as temporal, i.e., "I wrote to you while shedding tears the whole time"
(although this is admittedly somewhat awkward). But note that in 2 Cor 2.4,
the shedding of tears is an attendant circumstance of Paul's writing, i.e.,
the attendant circumstance is on the part of the person performing the
action of the verb. He was crying *while* writing. In 1 Cor 16.3, although
the prepositional phrase modifies PEMYW, the bearing of the letters wouldn't
really be an attendant circumstance of Paul's action of sending (especially
if the sending is viewed as the mission as a whole, rather than simply the
initial act of putting them on their way), but of the bearers. In other
words, Paul wasn't bearing during the sending; he was not sending the agents
and carrying the letters at the same time. I think it makes more sense, and
better ties the prepositional phrase to *Paul's* action in PEMYW, to view
DI' EPISTOLWN as the means by which Paul identifies and certifies the
bearers ensuring the fulfillment of the mission, which is what is in view in
PEMYW. Paul is sending them by means of the letters that will identify and
certify them, and ensure the succuess of the "sending," i.e., the mission. I
hope I have expressed this lucidly. I get the feeling I haven't!

Steve Lo Vullo
Madison, WI

More information about the B-Greek mailing list