1 Pet 3:7

Steven R. Lo Vullo doulos at appleisp.net
Sat Aug 25 02:37:48 EDT 2001

on 8/24/01 11:33 PM, George Athas at gathas at ausisp.com wrote:

> Two questions:
> (1)  Do you think there is any significance in the fact that SUGKLHRONOMOIS is
> masculine?
> Is this referring to the husbands rather than the wives?

Hi George:

L-S, BAGD (2nd, don't have the new one), Friberg, and the UBS lexicon list
SUGKLHRONOMOS as a two-ending adjective (SUGKLHRONOMOS, -ON). So whether
used adjectivally or substantivally, SUGKLHRONOMOIS could be either
masculine or feminine. Here it is used substantivally, and I think it is
feminine. The independent participles (SUNOIKUONTES and APONEMONTES) both
have ANDRES as their "subject," and both are followed by hWS and dative
KATA GNWSIN hWS ... ASQENESTERWi SKEUEI clearly refers to the wife, I think
by analogy APONEMONTES TIMHN hWS ... SUGKLHRONOMOIS has the wife in view

Another possibility is that the change from the singular (ASQENESTERWi
SKEUEI) to the plural (SUGKLHRONOMOIS) signals a change from the wife viewed
singly to the couple viewed together, i.e., "since you are fellow heirs of
the grace of life." The RSV seems to prefer this approach ("since you are
jont heirs of the grace of life"). This requires taking hWS in a causal
sense, which is perfectly permissible, but it seems a bit forced, and breaks
what seems to be parallel constructions (as mentioned above), since the
first hWS is comparative.
> (2)  What is the significance of the KAI before SUGKLHRONOMOIS? Is Peter here
> arguing that
> husbands treat their wives 'even' as if they were co-heirs, despite the wives
> being
> unbelievers? Or, if the wives are believers, what could be deduced about how
> Peter wants
> husbands to treat unbelieving wives?

I think KAI is used adverbally in the sense of "also." If we were to
translate it literally, I think the idea would be, "show them honor as those
who are *also* fellow heirs of the grace of life." Of course, KAI is
redundant in light of the SUN in the compound substantive SUGKLHRONOMOS, but
I think this is for emphasis. The NRSV translates "since they too are also
heirs of the gracious gift of life" (cf. also ASV, Darby, WEB, Young, If
"also" is the correct understanding, then the wife would be a believer. HTH
Steve Lo Vullo
Madison, WI

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