iver_larsen at sil.org
Fri Aug 17 05:42:20 EDT 2001
> Hello all B-Greekers, Matthew R. Miller here:
> I understand, after looking at some examples, that the phrase "egw eimi"
> is often used in the NT to simply mean something like, "I am he," "I am
> the one," It is I," or "Hey! It's me!" My question is this: if a koine
> speaker wanted to say "It was I," essentially the same phrase in the
> imperfect or in the aorist states, how would he have said it? Is there any
> NT example of this, or any example at all in the literature? Again, I am
> asking grammatically, not theologically. Thanks! Matthew R. Miller
He would probably have said "EGW HMHN".
The imperfect tense corresponding to "I was" occurs with the emphatic EGW in
Acts 22:19 EGW HMHN FULAKIZWN ... TOUS PISTEUONTAS EPI SE
"I was imprisoning those who believed in you"
Acts 11:5 EGW HMHN EN POLEI IOPPHi PROSEUCOMENOS
"I was praying in Joppa"
These forms are structurally middle forms rather than active. In many
languages, including English, the verb for "to be" is irregular and may not
exist in all theoretically possible forms.
In NT Greek, this verb occurs as far as I know only in three tenses:
Present, imperfect and future. This means that when another verb might have
been in the aorist, this verb is in the imperfect, where another verb might
have been in the perfect, I assume this verb will be in the present.
The endings of the verb are also confusing. In the imperfect, the middle
endings and active endings seem to fluctuate with no apparent difference in
meaning. For instance, the active imperfect 1. ps. plur. form is HMEN but
the middle imperfect form is HMEQA. Both occur in the NT as in Gal 4:3 (It
may be that the middle forms are used more in periphrastic constructions
with a participle, but it does not seem to be a consistent rule.)
The active imperfect 1. ps. sing. form HN does not appear in NT Greek (as
Carl has pointed out) but the middle imperfect form HMHN is quite common.
Maybe the middle forms are in the process of supplanting the active forms at
the time of NT Greek?
The verse in question is
John 8:58 PRIN ABRAAM GENESQAI EGW EIMI
More information about the B-Greek