ELEHSON [Matt 15:22 et al]

Carl W. Conrad cwconrad at artsci.wustl.edu
Thu Aug 9 11:54:04 EDT 2001

At 10:11 AM -0400 8/9/01, George Blaisdell wrote:
>Dear b-greekers...
>The petitioning of the Lord in the Gospels with the aorist imperative
>active of ELEEW, and the inclusion of it in the beattitudes [Matt 5:7],
>sent me looking into the lex to find out origin and meaning of this Greek
>word.  All it says is that it is a derivative of the word ELEOS, and that
>this word itself is "of uncertain affiliation" but means divine compassion
>or mercy.
>A quick search of the archives turned up nothing at all on this word.
>What is the origin of ELEEW?  Is this a Hebrew term that found its way
>into the Greek?  If so, is it related to the obvious Elohim?  And if so,
>how does it work?

Back again to B-Greek once more from the lumberjacking or wherever, George?
And still eager to play etymological games?

ELEOS as a Greek word meaning "compassion" or "pity" is already found as
early as Homer; a scholiast on Sophocles' Oedipus at Colonus says that
ELEOS was even worshipped as a deity in Athens.

No doubt ELEEW and the noun ELEOS in Greek came to represent a distinct
Hebraic conception, but this root (probably #ELES-) is essentially Greek
and bears no relationship whatsoever to Hebrew ELOHIM.

Carl W. Conrad
Department of Classics, Washington University (Emeritus)
Most months: 1647 Grindstaff Road/Burnsville, NC 28714/(828) 675-4243
cwconrad at artsci.wustl.edu OR cwconrad at ioa.com
WWW: http://www.artsci.wustl.edu/~cwconrad/

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