1 Timothy 2

B. Ward Powers bwpowers at optusnet.com.au
Mon Aug 6 12:34:01 EDT 2001

> > At 11:21 PM -0400 8/5/01, David Bielby wrote:
> > >1 Timothy 2:12   Should GUNAIKI and ANDROS be translated in a way that
> > >references marriage instead of simple gender?  Is the context a family

> > >context within a house Church? Should we consider translating this as
> > >wife/husband instead of woman/man?  Are you aware of anyone who has
> > >tackled this issue with material available that I can read up on?  I'm
> > >also trying to find credible information on the potential reference in
> > >this passage to syncretism with the pagan temple in Ephesus. Can that
> > >information have a direct bearing on the translation here?
> > >
> > >Thanks for helping me on this.

At 11:19 AM 010806 -0400, L. J. Swain wrote:
>I should have checked the archives before posting, but I'm lazy.  Didn't
>Ward Powers and others discuss this text a couple of years ago, and
>didn't Ward publish a book on the subject in the early 90s?
>Larry Swain

Indeed this is so. The book is entitled "The Ministry of Women in the 
Church" (224 pages, pb, SPCK Australia, 1996, ISBN 1-876106-05-0). In this 
book I examine in some detail the basis of the usual translation of ANHR 
and GUNH as "man" and "woman" in this passage, and find it inadequate, and 
put forward the case for translating these words here as "husband" and 
"wife" - which I consider is strongly supported in the context, as well as 
from the somewhat parallel passage 1 Peter 3:1-7 (where these same words 
are uniformly translated as "husband" and "wife").

This question of how to understand the Greek will make a significant 
difference to interpretation. If my argument is valid, then the passage is 
referring to a "marriage, home and family" situation, is in effect saying 
the same thing about the husband's role as is said in various "headship" 
passages in the NT, and is not addressing (and not to be interpreted as 
addressing) the issue of women in general teaching men or exercising 
authority in the church of God.

For any who may be interested, more details of this book will be found on 
my web site (URL below). My thesis about this passage has been discussed on 
page 1099 of Volume 4 of "The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia" 
(Geoffrey W Bromily, Ed., Eerdmans), which sums up its assessment of it 
thus: "Interpreting 1 Tim 2:8-15 in terms of the home is especially 
attractive in light of the often overlooked but extensive verbal parallels 
that this passage has with 1 Pet 3:1-7 (so Powers, p.58), where the sphere 
for submission is clearly domestic."

My book itself is readily available; I can arrange for copies to be sent to 
any who cannot locate it in their usual library.

May I encourage those who are seeking to come to terms with 1 Timothy 
2:8-15 to give consideration to whether the factors in the passage 
(especially the Greek words being used) are best understood as referring to 
a "marriage, home, and family" situation.



Rev Dr B. Ward Powers        Phone (International): 61-2-8714-7255
259A Trafalgar Street          Phone (Australia): (02) 8714-7255
PETERSHAM  NSW  2049      email: bwpowers at optusnet.com.au
AUSTRALIA.                         Director, Tyndale College

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