Mark 11:25-26 and Mt 3:15 & 4:11

Steven Craig Miller scmiller at
Fri Nov 26 13:00:24 EST 1999

To: Carl W. Conrad,

<< But in addition to that, it is also used as a Koine equivalent to the 
older EAW, "allow," "let," "permit," and as such one frequently enough sees 
the singular imperative AFES with a hINA+ subjunctive (modern Greek AS NA + 
subjunctive) as an equivalent of the second person imperative of any verb. 
In Mark 11:25-26 I would assume that AFIETE is in fact used like EATE in 
older Greek, as an imperative: "Let it be if you have anything against your 
brother ..." >>

That's an interesting point, but I'm not for sure that it best explains 
what was meant at Mk 11:25. First of all, the next use of AFIHMI in the 
same verse seems clearly to have the notion "forgive." Second, the two uses 
of AFIHMI are somewhat in parallel: "You" are to "forgive" so that God will 
"forgive" "you."

But since we are on the subject of AFIHMI, I wonder about the phrase: TOTE 
AFIHSIN AUTON at both Mt 3:15 and 4:11. Why did Matthew use this same 
phrase in both places? (This one has bothered me for some time.)

-Steven Craig Miller
Alton, Illinois (USA)
scmiller at

"... it is widely agreed that the sociological condition that most 
distinguishes modern Western societies from others (those considered 
premodern or traditional, and those of Asia, Africa, and the Latin American 
forests and highlands) is that modern ones are organized around the 
expectation of continuous change and growth" (Charles Lemert, "Social 
Things: An Introduction to the Sociological Life," 1997:67).

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