James 4:5

Ben Crick ben.crick at argonet.co.uk
Tue Jul 20 19:02:09 EDT 1999

On Tue 20 Jul 99 (11:32:11 +0800), scox at mail.sparkice.com.cn wrote:
> Where is James quoting from?

 JA Bengel writes that because FQONOS does not occur in the LXX, James
 must be quoting from a /New Testament/ Scripture: and he offers
 1 Peter 2:1, 2, and 5 as possibilities. He also suggests Galatians 5:17,
 where FQONOI, envyings, are place among the works of the flesh, and the
 Spirit is said to have desires contrary to the flesh, and they who are
 led by this Spirit are not under the Law but under Grace.

 H Alford, /The Greek New Testament/, Cambridge, 1874, /ad loc/ suggests
 "There is nothing improbable in the idea that James may have combined
 the general sense of Scripture on the point of God's jealousy over
 his people...." [In Deuteronomy 32:10, 19 LXX are found] "the elements
 of the sense of that which is cited".

 Mitton comments "1. 'The spirit' is either (a) subject: 'the spirit
 yearns', or (b) object: '(God) yearns over the spirit'. 2. 'The spirit'
 is either (a) the Holy Spirit, given by God to indwell his people, or
 (b) the spirit which God breathed into man (Gn 2:7). 3. 'Jealously' is
 in the Greek a noun, 'jealousy', and signifies either (a) God's longing
 for the full devotion of His 'bride', or (b) the evil quality which
 infects the human heart."

 In many passages, God's 'jealousy' over his people is expressed: e.g.
 Exodus 20:5; 34:14; Deuteronomy 4:24; 5:9; 6:15; Ezekiel 39:25; Joel 2:18;
 Zechariah 1:14; 8:2 (etc).

 Revd Ben Crick, BA CF
 <ben.crick at argonet.co.uk>
 232 Canterbury Road, Birchington, Kent, CT7 9TD (UK)

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