James 4:5

Al Lukaszewski alski at fuller.edu
Tue Jul 20 04:59:10 EDT 1999


The fact that James' citation makes reference to the spirit of the deity
being jealous can, IMHO, intimate the use of a tradition *based upon* Exodus
20.5 but the text does not seem to suggest that the author had that
particular text in mind.  Of the 7 quotations in James, only 6 are bona fide
OT citations -- most from Semitic source (IMO).  This, the 7th, is from an
as yet unidentified source.  I think the safer path is to stick to the
traditional perspective that James is citing a text which is yet to be
discovered.  Paul does this too when he refers to Jesus as saying that it is
more blessed to give than to receive (assuming a written Jesus tradition
here for illustrative purposes).

I think it might be argued that this passage in James may be derived from
the same text as Paul's assertion in Gal 5.17, per the NA27 marginal
reference.

Regards,

Albert L. Lukaszewski

alski at fuller.edu <mailto:alski at fuller.edu>





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